Who's Online

We have 545 guests online

Popular

International Categories
U.N. Member States Accused of Cherry-Picking Human Rights PDF Print E-mail
Justice News
Posted by Joan Russow   
Sunday, 28 June 2020 11:49

 

Protestors gather outside the White House to demonstrate against torture on the 10th anniversary of the opening of the U.S. prison facility at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. Charles Davis/IPS

UNITED NATIONS, Mar 2 2015 (IPS) - The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein has criticised member states for ‘cherry-picking’ human rights – advocating some and openly violating others – perhaps to suit their own national or political interests.

Despite ratifying the U.N. charter reaffirming their faith in fundamental human rights, there are some member states who, “with alarming regularity”, are disregarding and violating human rights, “sometimes to a shocking degree,” he said.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 30 June 2020 19:19
Read more...
 
How a Global Ocean Treaty Could Protect Biodiversity in the High Seas PDF Print E-mail
Earth News
Posted by Joan Russow   
Monday, 08 June 2020 09:54

A trawler in Johnstone Strait, BC, Canada. Human activities such as pollution, overfishing, mining, geo-engineering and climate change have made an international agreement to protect the high seas more critical than ever. Credit: Winky/cc by 2.0

Jun 8 2020 (IPS) - Oceans cover 70 per cent of the Earth’s surface. But, because many of us spend most of our lives on land, the 362 million square kilometres of blue out there aren’t always top of mind.

While vast, oceans are not empty. They are teeming with life and connected to society through history and culture, shipping and economic activity, geopolitics and recreation.

But oceans — along with coastal people and marine species — are vulnerable, and good ocean governance is critical to protect these expanses from pollution, overfishing and climate change, to name just some of the threats.

The laws, institutions and regulations in place for the oceans are a multi-layered patchwork and always a work in progress.

 

Common heritage of humankind

Some characterize oceans as the “common heritage of humankind.” As such, the United Nations plays a critical role in ocean governance, and the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is a key international agreement. The agreement grants coastal and island states authority over swaths of ocean extending 200 nautical miles (360 kilometres) from the shore. These are called exclusive economic zones (EEZ).

EEZs are domestic spaces. Countries enshrine law and delegate authority to state agencies that lead monitoring, management and enforcement in these zones.

Indigenous peoples also assert jurisdictional authority and coastal peoples hold critical insight about coastal and marine ecosystems. Governance is improved when state agencies share power and collaborate.

For example, during the Newfoundland cod collapse, inshore fishermen had local ecological knowledge about changing cod stock dynamics that might have helped avoid the disaster.

 

alt

A turtle swims in a Marine Protected Area. Credit: Foreign and Commonwealth Office

 

Areas beyond national jurisdiction

A vast portion of the ocean lies beyond EEZs: 64 per cent by area and 95 per cent by volume. These regions are often referred to as the high seas. The high seas are important for international tradefishing fleetsundersea telecommunications cables and are of commercial interest to mining companies. The high seas also host a wide array of ecosystems and species. Many of these are understudied or altogether unrecorded.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 30 June 2020 19:21
Read more...
 
Crisis Hits Oil Industry in atin america PDF Print E-mail
Justice News
Posted by Joan Russow   
Monday, 25 May 2020 10:35

Crisis Hits Oil Industry in latin america

Reprint |       | alt Print |  |En español
Mexico's state-run oil giant Pemex faces a difficult outlook due to the fall in international oil prices and the crisis resulting from the coronavirus pandemic, which threatens its production and finances, in a situation analysed during the 29th La Jolla Energy Conference, organised online by the Institute of the Americas. CREDIT: Emilio Godoy/IPS

Mexico's state-run oil giant Pemex faces a difficult outlook due to the fall in international oil prices and the crisis resulting from the coronavirus pandemic, which threatens its production and finances, in a situation analysed during the 29th La Jolla Energy Conference, organised online by the Institute of the Americas. CREDIT: Emilio Godoy/IPS

MEXICO CITY, May 22 2020 (IPS) - While it attempts to cushion the effects of the coronavirus pandemic, the Latin American and Caribbean region also faces concerns about the future of the energy transition and state-owned oil companies.

These questions were discussed at the 29th La Jolla Energy Conference, organised by the Institute of the Americas. It was held online May 18-22, rather than bringing together more than 50 speakers at the institute’s headquarters in the coastal district of San Diego, in the U.S. state of California, in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Alfonso Blanco of Uruguay, executive secretary of the Latin American Energy Organisation (OLADE), said during a session on global trends and the regional energy industry that the changes seen during the pandemic will spread after the crisis and will be long-lasting.

“There will be structural transformations and we are convinced that most consumer behaviors will change after the pandemic. Demand will vary due to changes in the main areas of transportation and other energy areas. The effects on fossil fuel consumption will be strong and there will be a greater impact on renewable energies,” he said.

Read more...
 
COVID-19 Has Blown Away the Myth About ‘First’ and ‘Third’ World Competence PDF Print E-mail
Justice News
Posted by Joan Russow   
Thursday, 21 May 2020 08:31

COVID-19 Has Blown Away the Myth About ‘First’ and ‘Third’ World Competence

For Anglophone Africans, it is doubly interesting that two of the greatest failures in handling COVID-19 are the former coloniser, Britain, and the English-speaking superpower, the United States of America. Both countries’ national governments have made just about every possible mistake in tackling COVID-19.

JOHANNESBURG, May 15 2020 (IPS) - One of the planet’s – and Africa’s – deepest prejudices is being demolished by the way countries handle COVID-19. 

For as long as any of us remember, everyone “knew” that “First World” countries – in effect, Western Europe and North America – were much better at providing their citizens with a good life than the poor and incapable states of the “Third World”. “First World” has become shorthand for competence, sophistication and the highest political and economic standards.

So deep-rooted is this that even critics of the “First World” usually accept it. They might argue that it became that way by exploiting the rest of the world or that it is not morally or culturally superior. But they never question that it knows how to offer (some) people a better material life. Africans and others in the “Third World” often aspire to become like the “First World” – and to live in it, because that means living better.

Read more...
 
VICTORIA BC OPPOSITION TO INVASION OF AFGHANISTAN "the Rule of International law not Revenge must Prevail" PDF Print E-mail
Peace News
Posted by Joan Russow   
Tuesday, 19 May 2020 10:32

 

VICTORIA BC OPPOSITION TO INVASION OF AFGHANISTAN

"the Ruke of International law not Revenge must Prevail"

FROM THE ARCHIVES

N E W S    R E L E A S E

 

2001 For Immediate Release:  September 18, 2001

 

Islam is not the enemy. War is not the answer.

 

Victoria-- Last night, over 100 concerned citizens representing a wide

diversity of organizations (list below), ages, religions and races, met at

the University of Victoria to found the Victoria Peace Coalition. Those

attending formed six committees to voice Victorians' deep concern about the

US terrorist attacks, the drive towards war, and the increase of racism.

The following statement was agreed to unanimously by all attending the

founding meeting:

Read more...
 
<< Start < Prev 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Next > End >>

Page 1 of 1366

Latest News