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2002-3- Attempts to PREVENT INVASION OF IRAQ; CAMPAIGN FOR AN EMERGENCY SESSION OF THE UNGA INVOKING THE UNITING FOR PEACE RESOLUTION PDF Print E-mail
Peace News
Written by Joan Russow   
Tuesday, 19 March 2013 16:08

by Joan Russow Global Compliance Research Project, Ecological Rights Association*

 

The enclosed is a November 2002 statement that was  sent out internationally. In December 2002, the Uniting for Peace Coalition was formed to lobby member states to invoke the Uniting for peace resolution and call for an emergency session of the UN General Assembly to prevent the US from invading Iraq. This Coalition continued to work up to the invasion and then subsequently to try to end the war.  The Uniting for Peace Coalition brought together many international NGOs to draft a petition which was sent out internationally and to the ambassadors to the UN.  The US found out about the Campaign and sent an intimidating letter to all state delegations threatening them if they supported an emergency UN General assembly Uniting for peace emergency meeting. The ambassador from Chile made the letter public to the pres

 

NOVEMBER , 2002, I co-drafted a proposal for a UN General Assembly resolution invoking the UNITING FOR PEACE RESOLUTION

 

PROPOSAL FOR AN EMERGENCY GENERAL ASSEMBLY SESSION INVOKING THE "UNITING FOR PEACE Resolution

(UNGA RESOLUTION 377 v.; 7 October 1950).

 

AFFIRMING as in the Uniting for Peace Resolution that the first two stated Purposes of the United Nations are the following:

 

(i) To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity .with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace, and

 

(2) To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self- determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace, reaffirming that it remains the primary duty of all Members of the United Nations, when involved in an international dispute, to seek settlement of such a dispute by peaceful means through the procedures laid down in Chapter VI of the Charter, and recalling the, successful achievements of the United Nations in this regard on a number of previous occasions, finding that international tension exists on a dangerous scale,

 

CONCURRING with the Uniting for Peace Resolution, that failure of the Security Council to discharge its responsibilities on behalf of all the Member States, particularly those responsibilities referred to in the two preceding paragraphs, does not relieve Member States of their obligations or the United Nations of its responsibility under the Charter to maintain international peace and security,

 

RECOGNIZING, as was noted in the Uniting for Peace Resolution, that such failure does not deprive the General Assembly of its rights or relieve it of its responsibilities under the Charter in regard to the maintenance of international peace and security,

 

 

NOTING further that although there was unanimity in the support by the Security Council for UN Security Council resolution 1441, on Iraq, passed November 7, 2002, there was and continues to be an absence of unanimity related to what constitutes a " material breach";

 

ACKNOWLEDGING that "serious consequences" is not "code" for military invasion, and that under the Convention on the Law of Treaties, terms in international agreements must be understood in their ordinary language meaning;

 

CONVINCED that a second UN Security resolution declaring a perceived military breach and supporting a military invasion of Iraq, will jeopardize the work of the inspectors;

 

DISMAYED that two permanent members of the Security Council have without the consent of the Security Council or the General Assembly set up a no-fly zone in a region of Iraq; and that these two permanent members continue to aggressively provoke Iraq through their bombing in the no-fly zone, and through their building up of military offences in the border states surrounding Iraq;

 

DISMAYED also that those states promoting the military invasion of Iraq, are stating publicly that the UN will lose its relevance if it does not support the use of military force; and affirming that the relevance of the UN will be determined by its ability to implement the provisions in the UN Charter of the United Nations, and in the international agreements related to peace, social justice, human rights, and environmental protection.

 

 

AWARE that the March 1999 report of the UN Expert Panel on Disarmament concluded that "the bulk of Iraq's proscribed weapons programs has been eliminated" and that ...100% of verification may be an unattainable goal". They also noted that in the March report it was stated that: "the country [Iraq] has experienced a shift from relative affluence to massive poverty...infant mortality rates in Iraq today are among the highest in the world...chronic malnutrition affects every fourth child... only 41% of the population have regular access to clean water...the gravity of the humanitarian situation of Iraqi people is indisputable and cannot be overstated." (Statement from the Canadian Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade, 2000)

 

Aware that many other states have weapons of mass destruction that do pose a threat to international peace and security;

 

Deeply concerned that in the past undue pressure and influence has been used to secure support in the UN Security Council, and that after recent reports to the UN Security Council, over 9 member states expressed opposition to military intervention;

 

Concurring with the Uniting for Peace resolution that failure of the Security Council to discharge its responsibilities on behalf of all the member states, particularly those responsibilities referred to in aforementioned paragraphs of the United Nations Charter does not relieve Member States of their obligations or the United Nations of their responsibility under the Charter to maintain international peace and security,

 

 

THE UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY

 

Will convene an emergency General Assembly session as provided for under the "Uniting for Peace resolution" to address the unprovoked aggression against Iraq, to oppose military intervention into Iraq, and to end the sanctions against Iraq:

 

and to support complete disarmament with UN inspectors being authorized to inspect and destroy weapons of mass destruction in the possession of all member states of the United Nations

 

Please send this proposal to your President or Prime Minister and if possible to UN missions in New York (see list of missions on the web site)

 

For further information, please contact: Joan Russow (PhD) 1 250 598-0071, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it  

 

CAMPAIGN TO CALL FOR AN EMERGENCY SESSION OF THE UNGA INVOKING THE UNITING

FOR PEACE RESOLUTION, 377 V, 7 OCTOBER, 1950

 

February 2003

 

A high percentage of civil society, as well as a majority of the member

states of the United Nations are opposed to the military invasion of Iraq.

This expression of opposition demands to be formally expressed through a

General Assembly Resolution.

 

Under the Millennium Declaration there was a call for an increased role for

the United Nations General Assembly, and more recently, in February 6 2003,

the President of the UN General Assembly, H. E, Kevan, affirmed the

following role of the UN General Assembly through the Uniting for Peace

resolution:

 

 "The 'Uniting for Peace' resolution gave the General Assembly a broader

role in questions of international security. Under the terms of the

resolution, "the General Assembly shall consider any matter on which the

Security

 Council fails to reach unanimity and make appropriate recommendations to

the Member States."

 

To fulfill this role, and to prevent the current scourge of war --the

fundamental purpose of the Charter of the United Nations-- the member states

of the United Nations should be urged to call for an emergency UN General

Assembly session invoking the Uniting for Peace Resolution.

 

The Uniting for Peace Resolution affirms the following under the  Charter

of the United Nations:

 

(i) To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take

effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to

the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches

of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity .with

the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of

international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the

peace, and

 

(2) .. to reaffirm that it remains the primary duty of all Members of the

United Nations, when involved in an international dispute, to seek

settlement of such a dispute by peaceful means through the procedures laid

down in Chapter VI of the Charter, and recalling the, successful

achievements of the United Nations in this regard on a number of previous

occasions, finding that international tension exists on a dangerous scale,

 

 

Under the Uniting for Peace Resolution,  failure of the Security Council to

discharge its responsibilities on behalf of all the Member States,

particularly those responsibilities referred to in the two preceding

paragraphs, does not relieve Member States of their obligations or the

United Nations of its responsibility under the Charter to maintain

international peace and security.

 

We  concur with the UN General Assembly in its Declaration of the Right of

Peoples to Peace  that  to ensure the exercise of the right of peoples to

peace demands that the policies of States be directed towards "the

elimination of the threat of war ... the renunciation of the use of force in

international relations and the settlement of international disputes by

peaceful means on the basis of the Charter of the United Nations (3.

Declaration on the Right of Peoples to Peace approved by General Assembly

resolution 39/11 of 12 November 1984): and that the preservation of the

right of peoples to peace and the promotion of its implementation constitute

a fundamental obligation of each State (2. Declaration on the Right of

Peoples to Peace approved by General Assembly resolution 39/11 of 12

November 1984)

 

We  also concur with  the UN General Assembly in its adoption at the UN

Conference on Women of the statement that "the threat to peace resulting

from continuing international tensions and violations of the United Nations

Charter, as well as wars, armed conflicts, gross violations of human rights

are major obstacles to human progress, specifically to the advancement of

women". (Para, Nairobi Forward looking strategies for the advancement of

women, 1985)

 

We urge all members of civil society, and all member states of the United

Nations to request an emergency session of the UN General Assembly invoking

the Uniting for Peace resolution  to immediately end the current invasion of

Iraq, and to support an extended role for the  inspectors to eliminate

weapons of mass destruction.

 

No member state of the UN General Assembly should ever be deter from

exercising its fundamental duties under the Charter of the United Nations

and under the rule of international law.

 

 

SIGN-ON PROPOSAL FOR AN EMERGENCY UNGA SESSION

 

This proposal for a UNGA resolution will be passed on to various delegations at the United Nations in New York from March 4-March 7 2003. Signatories of the proposed resolution are encouraged to lobby various state governments. [see enclosed draft resolution}

 

If you would like to endorse the proposal Please fill out the section at the end of the Proposal which states:

 

We support PROPOSAL FOR AN EMERGENCY GENERAL ASSEMBLY SESSION EVOKING THE "UNITING FOR  PEACE RESOLUTION" (UNGA RESOLUTION 377 v.; 7 October 1950).

 

 

Signatories:  Name: Group if applicable. City/ Country and e-mail

Please send copy of signature to  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it  and

 

 *Joan Russow (PhD)

Global Compliance Research Institute, Victoria/ Canada  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

* Rob Green

UN Representative of  Association of World Citizens; Coordinator of the Global Peoples  Assembly Network; and on the Steering Committee of the World Civil  Society Forum.

 

 

PROPOSAL FOR AN EMERGENCY GENERAL ASSEMBLY SESSION EVOKINGTHE UNITING FOR PEACE RESOLUTION

(UNGA RESOLUTION 377 v.; 7 October 1950).

 

AFFIRMING as in the Uniting for Peace Resolution that the first two stated Purposes

of the United Nations are the following:

 

(i) To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective

collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for

the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring

about by peaceful means, and in conformity .with the principles of justice and

international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace, and

 

(2) To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle

of equal rights and self- determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate

measures to strengthen universal peace, reaffirming that it remains the primary duty

of all Members of the United Nations, when involved in an international dispute, to

seek settlement of such a dispute by peaceful means through the procedures laid down

in Chapter VI of the Charter

 

CONCURRING with the Uniting for Peace Resolution, that failure of the Security Council to discharge its responsibilities on behalf of all the Member States, particularly

those responsibilities referred to in the two preceding paragraphs, does not relieve

Member States of their obligations or the United Nations of its responsibility under

the Charter to maintain international peace and security,

 

NOTING further that although there was unanimity in the support by the Security Council for UN Security Council resolution 1441, on Iraq, passed November 7, 2002, there was and continues to be an absence of unanimity related to what constitutes “a material breach";

 

ACKNOWLEDGING that “serious consequences” is not “code”  for military invasion, and that under the Convention on the Law of Treaties, terms in international agreements

must be understood in their ordinary language meaning;

 

CONVINCED that a second UN Security resolution declaring a perceived military breach and supporting a military invasion of Iraq, will jeopardize the work of the inspectors;

 

DISMAYED that two permanent members of the Security Council have without the consent of the Security Council or the General Assembly set up a no-fly zone in a region of Iraq; and that these two permanent members continue to aggressively provoke Iraq through their bombing in the no-fly zone, and through their building up of military offences in the border states surrounding Iraq;

 

CONCURRING with the Declaration of the Right of Peoples to Peace  that ensuring

the exercise of the right of peoples to peace demands that the policies of States

be directed towards the elimination of the threat of war, particularly nuclear war,

the renunciation of the use of force in international relations and the settlement

of international disputes by peaceful means on the basis of the Charter of the United

Nations (3. Declaration on the Right of Peoples to Peace approved by General Assembly

resolution 39/11 of 12 November 1984): and that the preservation of the right of peoples

to peace and the promotion of its implementation constitute a fundamental obligation

of each State (2. Declaration on the Right of Peoples to Peace approved by General

Assembly resolution 39/11 of 12 November 1984);

 

RECALLING  the dismay convey at   the World Conference on Human at massive violations of human rights especially in the form of genocide, ethnic cleansing” and systematic rape of women in war situations, creating mass exodus of refugees and displaced persons (s. 28 World Conference on Human Rights);.

 

RECALLING also the acknowledgement in Resolution 1325 that civilians, particularly

women and children, account for the vast majority of those adversely affected by armed conflict, including as refugees and internally displaced persons and increasingly are targeted by combatants and armed elements, and recognizing the consequent impact

this has on durable peace and reconciliation;

 

RECALLING also the recognition  at the UN Conference on Women that the threat to peace resulting from continuing international tensions and violations of the United Nations Charter, … as well as wars, armed conflicts, … gross violations of human rights… are major obstacles to human progress, specifically to the advancement of women. (Para, Nairobi Forward looking strategies for the advancement of women, 1985);

 

REAFFIRMING  the condemnation  of the formulation, propounding, dissemination and propaganda of political and military doctrines and concepts intended to provide 'legitimacy' for the first use of nuclear weapons and in general to justify the 'admissibility'

of unleashing nuclear war (2 Condemnation of Nuclear War General Assembly Resolution A/RES/38/75, 1983);

 

ADDED Convinced that life without war serves as the primary international prerequisite for the material well-being, development and progress of countries, and for the full implementation of the rights and fundamental human freedoms proclaimed by the United Nations (Declaration on the Right of Peoples to Peace approved by General Assembly

resolution 39/11 of 12 November 1984);

 

DISMAYED that the World Health Organization estimates that 100,000 Iraqi civilians

could be wounded and another 400,000 hit by disease after water, sewage, power and

food  facilities are bombed; and that 3.6 million Iraqi’s will likely need "emergency

shelter". Aware that at least 500,000 Iraqi children have died due to the sanctions that  have deprived them of clean water, sanitation, and health care  according to UNICEF;

 

AWARE that the military plans for an invasion of Iraq would likely result in the

deaths of tens of thousands of innocent Iraqi civilians; and that these plans would

be  in direct violation of the Geneva Convention which states that, "It is prohibited

to  attack, destroy, remove, or render useless objects indispensable to the survival of

the  civilian population, such as foodstuffs, crops, livestock, drinking water installations

and supplies, and irrigation works?" (Protocol 1, Article 54, paragraph 2);

 

DISMAYED also that those states promoting the military invasion of Iraq, are stating

publicly that the UN will lose its relevance if it does not support the use of military

force;

 

AFFIRMING that the relevance of the UN will be determined instead by its ability to implement the provisions in the UN Charter of the United Nations, and in the

International agreements related to peace, social justice, human rights, and environmental protection;

  

AWARE that the March 1999 report of the UN Expert Panel on Disarmament concluded that "the bulk of Iraq's proscribed weapons programs has been eliminated" and that ...100% of verification may be an unattainable goal". They also noted that in the March report it was stated that: "the country [Iraq] has experienced a shift from relative affluence to massive poverty...infant mortality rates in Iraq today are among the highest in the world...chronic malnutrition affects every fourth child... only 41% of the

population have regular access to clean water...the gravity of the humanitarian situation of Iraqi people is indisputable and cannot be overstated." (Statement from the Canadian

Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade, 2000);

 

CONCERNED  about the announced plans of the U.S. for what - in plain language - is nothing less that the threat of mass destruction by U.S. weapons, including plans to demolish critical infrastructure - such as electrical infrastructure - which would have profound impact, eg via the impact on water treatment facilities, on the health of the Iraqi people.

 

AWARE that many other states have weapons of mass destruction that do pose a threat

to international peace and security;

 

DEEPLY CONCERNED that in the past undue pressure and influence has been used to secure support in the UN Security Council, and AWARE that after recent reports to the UN Security Council, over 9 member states expressed opposition to military intervention;

 

CONCURRING with the Uniting for Peace resolution that failure of the Security Council

to discharge its responsibilities on behalf of all the member states, particularly

those responsibilities referred to in aforementioned paragraphs of the United Nations

Charter does not relieve Member States of their obligations or the United Nations of their responsibility under the Charter to maintain international peace and security,

 


THE UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY

THEREFORE

 

Will convene an emergency General Assembly session as provided for under the "Uniting for Peace resolution" to address the unprovoked aggression against Iraq, to oppose military intervention into Iraq, and to consider ending the sanctions

against Iraq: and  that in accordance with the UN Charter, the General Assembly will  support complete disarmament with UN inspectors being authorized to inspect

and destroy weapons of mass destruction in the possession of all

member states of the United Nations.

 

 

We support PROPOSAL FOR AN EMERGENCY GENERAL ASSEMBLY SESSION EVOKING THE "UNITING FOR  PEACE RESOLUTION" (UNGA RESOLUTION 377 v.; 7 October 1950).

 

Signatories:  Name: Group if applicable. City/ Country and e-mail

Please send copy of signature to  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it  and

 

NAME                                                     ADDRESS                                    SIGNATURE

 

 

 *Joan Russow (PhD)

Global Compliance Research Institute, Victoria/ Canada  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

* Rob Green

UN Representative of  Association of World Citizens; Coordinator of the Global Peoples  Assembly Network; and on the Steering Committee of the World Civil  Society Forum.

 

 

 March 8 2003 

 

CORRUPTION US STYLE: the silent curse at the UN

 

 

Although it is common knowledge  at the UN  that the US bribes, intimidates , threatens, cajoles  coerces other states particularly the non-permanent member states of the UN Security Council , there is reluctance to refer to the US actions as corruption. The US has been ready to condemn other states as being corrupt but rarely is prepared to recognize the hypocrisy of its failing to designate its own actions as corrupt. When I raised the issue at a press scrum at the UN when I asked the Ambassador from Pakistan to comment on the fact that the US is cajoling, intimidating, and offering financial incentives to other members of the UN Security Council. I was approached by the media handler, and asked if I was with the media, and reprimanded by members of the media. I then have asked the accredited media at the UN why they do not raise the issue of corruption, and have found that there is great reluctance to raising the issue. The answer probably lies in the fact admitted by some members of the media that raising such issues might jeopardize their accreditation as media.

 

The US has established a code which has been scripted:

1. If the Security Council is not united the UN will become irrelevant (ie. if the Security Council does not endorse the US proposal)

2. "Serious consequences" is UN code for Military invasion has been argued by Powell. (However, under the Convention on the Law of Treaties all terms in international documents must be interpreted is their ordinary language usage". Most other UN Security Council members did not understand  "serious consequences" as being equivalent to military invasion

3. there is some progress with the inspections but not sufficient

4. Iraq must demonstrate full, unconditional, immediate and active cooperation ..

4. Inspection cannot go on for every there must be deadline - currently proposed by the US/GB resolution as March 17

5. If Iraq has not complied with 4, then "all necessary means coud be used to force them to disarm"  or "remain seized of the matter"

 

At the UN, prior to the Blix ElBaradei reports on March 7, buzzing around the UN was concern about how Guinea, as the new President of the Security Council had been "leaned" on "pressured" . Also if one compares the statment made by Angola after the first Blix report and the statment made yesterday one can see that even Angola which had spoken out so strongly about the devastation of war is not speaking in US code. When one asks around the UN about the change of heart of Angola, the answer inevitably the US negotiations around the oil industry. Similarly, Cameroun which previously had been opposed to war, appears to be evoking the US code.

 

In an proposal for impeachment in 1991, the corrupt actions by Bush the First at the UN Security Council were used as one of the grounds for impeachment.  Currently there is another proposal to impeach Bush the Second. For all the reasons advocated in the current proposal, definitely corruption is an integral part of case against Bush the Second.

 

Joan Russow (PhD)

Global Compliance Research Institute

This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

Your Excellency, 

 

 I fear two possibilities; either the US will succeed in intimidating

additional members of the UN Security Council to support the US/UK resolution, and although France, China and Russia will probably VETO the resolution, the US will claim "a moral majority". Or the US will claim that under UN Security Council Resolution 1441 "serious consequences" as claimed by Powell is a code word for military invasion and thus that 1441 authorized military action.

At the time of the endorsement of UNSC 1441, most members of the Council were assured that "serious consequences" did not authorize a military intervention into Iraq.

 

Along with many others, I am proposing a procedure that would demonstrate to the United States that the global community as represented in the UN General Assembly does not support the invasion of Iraq.

 

I urge you to request an emergency General Assembly session evoking the 1950 "Uniting for Peace" resolution under the following provision:

that if the UN Security Council fails to exercise its role under the Charter of the United Nations--to prevent the scourge of war-the UN General Assembly cannot absolve itself from fulfilling that role.

 

There is no doubt that the UNGA would support, with the required 2/3 majority, the continuation of the work of the inspectors, and would oppose a military invasion of Iraq. A strong vote from the UNGA would demonstrate clearly that the United States does not have the support of the UN and the international community.

 

 The determination of the relevance of the United Nations depends not on whether the US successfully undermines the principles of the members of the Security Council but on the ability of the UN to stand firm against US unilateralism and to strive to prevent

the scourge of war.

 

 

Yours truly

 

Joan Russow (PhD)

Global Compliance ResearchProject


Victoria, Canada

1 250 598-0071

 

Subsequent  attempt to end the invasion This Campaign  was sent aound he world and the signature s presented to the UN

 

 

A CAMPAIGN CALLING FOR THE UNITED NATIONS TO SUPPORT IRAQ IN  DETERMINING ITS OWN FUTURE

We Call for an Immediate Cease Fire, Withdrawal of the Troops
Occupying Iraq, UN Leadership in Ending the Humanitarian Disaster, and
an End to Pre-emptive Attacks 

 

As a large percentage of civil society, as well as a majority of the member
states of the United Nations, have opposed the military invasion of Iraq and
recognize this as a clear violation of the UN Charter and of International
Law and, furthermore, that the US and UK troops are, therefore, an occupying force –

 

We, the undersigned, request that UN peacekeepers and/or a truly
international force, under the command of the UN, be immediately sent in to
replace the occupying forces in Iraq with a mandate to restore peace and
order, provide humanitarian assistance to the people of Iraq, and to oversee
the process of rebuilding and reparation.

 

We further state that American corporations (or any corporation from the UK or any of the  allied countries) must not be allowed to profit from either reconstruction or from the sales or production of oil. All profits from such activities should go directly back to Iraq to provide for the country's reconstruction and the people's well being.  It is vital that the United Nations play the lead role in overseeing such matters.

 

We further state that the Iraqi people are entitled to reparations for the
devastation of their peoples, country and heritage.

 

In addition, the United Nations through its various organs and institutions,
including the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal
Court should take all measures necessary to maintain security and peace in
the world and prevent the scourge of war - fundamental principles [S] of the
Charter of the United Nations

 

Finally, the United Nations, not the U.S. (or UK or any of the allied
countries), should assist Iraq in creating a new, representative and
indigenous government.

  

In light of the above we raise the following concerns that:

 

  a..  The situation in Iraq is a humanitarian disaster that demands AN
immediate remedy
  b.. The Security Council has not fulfilled its primary responsibility for
the maintenance of international peace and security.
  c.. The UN Security Council has failed to comply with its own resolution
1325 which affirms the Importance of involving women in the prevention,
management and resolution of conflict and peace processes
  d.. No state may be allowed to violate the principle of equality before
the law with impunity.  The policy and/or implementation of preemptive
strike, by any member state of the United Nations, is illegal and in
violation of the rule of International Law equally applicable to each member
state, the violation of which incurs legal remedy
  e.. The use of weapons of mass destruction - such as weapons with depleted
uranium casing, cluster bombs, which cannot avoid civilian targets, are
indiscriminate and excessively injurious including long-term debilitating
effects - reasonably fall under "Prohibitive Weapons" as per the 1980
Convention On Conventional Weapons.
  f.. Civilians, including humanitarian workers, journalists and local
residents were deliberate targets of war
  g.. The illegal occupying forces continue to violate their obligations
under the Geneva Conventions
  h.. Invaders--most particularly those engaged in further illegal acts-must
not by law be permitted to govern and the UN must step in immediately to
assist in the transfer of governance authority to the Iraqi people
  i.. The invaders be required in a timely manner  to pay for reparations to be administered by the UN system and NGO network.  A number of significant international human rights treaties create a general duty to make
appropriate reparations for violations of human rights. These include the
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, International
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination,
Convention on the Rights of the Child, and the Convention against Torture
and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
  j.. The devastation caused to the natural and cultural heritage of Iraq is
in violation of the spirit and the letter of international conventions such
as the World Heritage Convention of 1972, ratified by 170 countries; the
1954 Convention for the Protection of Cultural Properties in the Event of
Armed Conflict (the Hague Convention), now ratified by 103 countries; and
the Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit
Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (1970),
ratified by 97 countries.
  k.. In many cases the corporations that are profiteers often continue to
profit from the spoils of war, and this must not be allowed, it must be
prevented.
  l.. That there has been a failure, which must not continue, to act on the
important commitment made at the UN Conference on Women (1995) and the Habitat II Conference (1996) "to ensure that corporations, including
transnational corporations, comply with international law," including
international environmental law.
  m..  The practice at the United Nations of intimidation, and "check book
diplomacy" exercised by the United States - financial coercion that most
often results in member states being "persuaded" to endorse actions that
contravene the Charter of the United Nations, continues to be practiced and
condoned.
  n.. Although the member states of the United Nations have, in certain
instances,  undertaken adherence to principles through conventions,
treaties, and covenants, through Conference action plans, and through
General Assembly Resolutions related to peace, human rights, social justice
and the environment, these principles have not been sufficiently adhered to.
  o.. Member states of the UN General Assembly have been deterred, largely
through the vigorous efforts of the United States, from exercising their
fundamental duties under the Charter of the United Nations and under the
rule of International Law.

 

THUS, we urge the Security Council to meet immediately, call for a
cease-fire and withdrawal of troops and to carry out its primary
responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security.
(Article 24 of the UN Charter)

 

If the Security Council fails once again to stop the aggression and to take
the lead in establishing peace and security, then we urge all member states
of the United Nations, with the vigorous support from all members of global
civil society, to request an emergency session of the UN General Assembly,
invoking the Uniting for Peace Resolution, or other means available under
the authority of the UN, to call for the following:

 

  1.. Immediate end of the current invasion and occupation of Iraq.
  2.. For the US, UK and allied countries supporting and involved directly
and indirectly in this attack on Iraq, to be required to immediately and
adequately fund UN and International aid agencies in order to address the
humanitarian disaster in Iraq.
  3.. For the United Nations, not the U.S. or any member/representative of
the coalition of allied countries, to assist Iraq in the creation of a new,
representative and indigenous government. All Laws governing the political
economy of Iraq should be rightfully developed by the appropriate
authorities selected by the Iraqi people and consultants of their own
choosing. The UN's central role must involve real decision-making power; it
must not be a "fig leaf" designed to provide political cover for unilateral
U.S. action. The UN must remain at the center of all moves to create an
interim administration, recruit Iraqis to participate, set the dates for
conferences and elections, etc. If UN authority is compromised, or if the UN
is brought into the process only to provide legitimacy to continuing U.S.
(or UK or allied countries) control, then the UN should not take it on at
all. Jay Garner's authority should be turned over immediately and fully to a
United Nations special representative.
  4.. Contracts for the re-building of Iraq should be opened to local and
regional enterprises inviting collaboration with international companies of
the Iraqis own choosing in an open bidding process. No element whatsoever of 'victor takes the spoils' secret contracting to USA, UK corporations should
be allowed.
  5..    UN inspectors, under the jurisdiction of the UN, should return to
Iraq to carry out any legitimate need to eliminate weapons of mass
destruction.
  6.. UN peacekeeping forces and human rights monitors should have immediate jurisdiction in Iraq, replacing any US (or UK and allied countries) forces or personnel.
7.      Immediate involvement of UNESCO in collaboration with non-commercial NGOs for the full restoration to Iraq of its entire cultural heritage. All objects from the vandalized museums and libraries of Iraq must be declared stolen property to be required by law returned to the people of Iraq.  All nations must be called upon to sign an agreement to declare criminal any trade in the art and objects of Iraqi heritage and agree to make every effort to restore to Iraq the objects of her magnificent history.

 

We will hold the United States, the United Kingdom, the consortium of allied countries and their officials accountable for their involvement and claims that this war is about democratization and not about empire, oil, and the expansion of U.S. power.

 

We hold the mainstream media responsible for complicity in its support of
the U.S. led invasion of Iraq.

 

SIGNATORIES
Uniting for Peace Coalition. with members belonging to the following groups (for identification purposes only)

 

NAME:     Joan Russow (PhD)
 GROUP  IF APPLICABLE    Global Compliance Research Project
 CITY AND COUNTRY     Victoria, Canada
E-MAIL   This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

 

 

1230 St. Patrick St.

Victoria, B.C. V8S4Y4

CANADA

March 22, 2003

H.E. Mr Jan Kavan

 

 Office of the President of the General Assembly

 UN, New York, NY 10017

 Fax: 212-963-3133

 

 Your Excellency:

 

 †I urge you to heed the request of the majority of the members of the UN

 General Assembly to call an Emergency Session of the UNGA, and address the

 illegal action of the United States' military invasion of Iraq.† As you

 know, a high percentage of the citizens of the world as well as a large

 majority of the members states of the United Nations are opposed to the

 military invasion of Iraq by the United States and its "coalition".

 

 In your February 6, statement about the role of the UN General Assembly in

 maintaining International peace and security, you referred to the role of

 the Uniting for Peace resolution:

 

 The "Uniting for Peace" resolution gave the General Assembly a broader role

 in questions of international security. Under the terms of the resolution,

 "the General Assembly shall consider any matter on which the Security

 Council fails to reach unanimity and make appropriate recommendations to the

 Member States."

 

 It is with great dismay, that it has been brought to my attention,† that the

 US, in the last few weeks, has sent an intimidating letter to all the

 members of the UN General Assembly: demanding {that states]† "avoid

 provocative steps .such as .. calls for an emergency session of the General

 Assembly".

 

 †The General Assembly could invite the UNGA to pass an emergency resolution

 calling for

 

 *† the immediate cessation of all military intervention into Iraq, and for

 the immediate withdrawal of† invading US and "coalition" troops ;

 

 * the intervention of the International Court of Justice to institute emergency measures to end the invasion

 

 * the continuation of the work of the inspectors† in Iraq.

 

 The General Assembly, is the international body† that most accommodates the essence of sovereign equality under the Charter of the United Nations, and  the voice of the UNGA must be strengthened as was agreed under the

 Millennium Declaration.

 

 †Yours very truly,

 

 

 Joan Russow (PhD)

 

 Global Compliance Research Project (GCRP), a project of the Ecological Rights Association, which was co-founded in 1991 by Joan Russow and David White.

https://pejnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9485:era-ecological-rights-association-global-compliance-research-project-&catid=86:i-earth-news&Itemid=210.  

The GCRP was founded in 1995 by Joan Russow,   who wrote the "Charter of Obligations” - a 350 page compilation of strong statements reflecting obligations incurred through the Charter of the United Nations, expectations created through General Assembly Resolutions, and Declarations, and commitments made through Conference Action Plans.   

 

For years Russow has been concerned about the interdependence of issues and has  worked —

 

•  to promote and fully guarantee respect for human rights including labour rights, health rights, and social justice;

•  to enable socially equitable and environmentally sound employment;

•  to achieve a state of peace, justice and security;

•  to create a global structure that respects the rule of law; and

•  to ensure the preservation and protection of the environment, reduce the ecological footprint and move away from the current model of overconsumptive development

 

 

Last Updated on Saturday, 30 November 2013 13:55
 
Challenging militarized Security; Abolition of War PDF Print E-mail
Peace News
Written by Joan Russow   
Wednesday, 13 March 2013 13:53

by Canadian Voice of Women for peace and Global Compliance Research Project The petition  will continue at a new site at on http://www.causes.com/actions/1737985-challenging-militaristic-security-abolition-of-war?utm_campaign=cause_mailer%2Fweekly_report&utm_medium=email&utm_source=causes

(sign- on only through facebook) 

 

AWARE THAT  the global military expenditure is equal

to 700 years of the UN regular budget or almost 3,000 years of the new UN women’s agency, UN Women THAT true security is NOT "human security" (Iraq 1991),"humanitarian intervention" (Kosovo, 1999), "self defense" (Afghanistan, 2001-),"Pre-emptive-preventive"(Iraq, 2003)", "Responsibility to Protect" (Haiti, 2004, Libya, 2011) or "will to intervene" (Mali, 2013)

BUT common security.

Last Updated on Thursday, 03 October 2013 12:29
Read more...
 
Sign-on Petition on Challenging Militarized Security: Abolition of War PDF Print E-mail
Peace News
Written by Joan Russow   
Thursday, 07 March 2013 07:08

 

The UN Commission on the Status of Women is taking place  in New York from March 4 to 15. The Canadian Voice of Women has  prepared a Petition to submit with signatures during the conference. The Petition is enclosed and e-mails of endorsement can be sent and included in the petition submitted at the UN

 The Petitionis at from http://www.causes.com/actions/1737985-challenging-militaristic-security-abolition-of-war   

 

 

Last Updated on Thursday, 03 October 2013 12:31
Read more...
 
Mission Unaccomplished Why the Invasion of Iraq Was the Single Worst Foreign Policy Decision in American History PDF Print E-mail
Peace News
Written by Joan Russow   
Thursday, 07 March 2013 06:43

 

By Peter Van Buren  https://www.tomdispatch.com/blog/175658

 

/I was there. And “there” was nowhere. And nowhere was the place to be if you wanted to see the signs of end times for the American Empire up close. It was the place to be if you wanted to see the madness -- and oh yes, it was madness -- not filtered through a complacent and sleepy media that made Washington’s war policy seem, if not sensible, at least sane and serious enough. I stood at Ground Zero of what was intended to be the new centerpiece for a Pax Americana in the Greater Middle East.

Read more...
 
Shadow Lives How the War on Terror in England Became a War on Women and Children PDF Print E-mail
Peace News
Written by Joan Russow   
Tuesday, 05 March 2013 06:15

By Victoria Brittain https://www.tomdispatch.com/blog/175657/

Once, as a reporter, I covered wars, conflicts, civil wars, and even a genocide in places like Vietnam, Angola, Eritrea, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, keeping away from official briefings and listening to the people who were living the war. In the years since the Bush administration launched its Global War on Terror, I’ve done the same thing without ever leaving home.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 05 March 2013 09:14
Read more...
 
CSW 57: SIGN-ON PETITION ON CHALLENGING MILITARIZED SECURITY: ABOLITION OF WAR PDF Print E-mail
Peace News
Written by Joan Russow   
Saturday, 02 March 2013 12:07

The UN Commission on the Status of Womenis takingplace in New York from March 4 to15. The Canadian Voice of Women has  prepared a Petition to submit with signatures during the conference. The Petition is enclosed and e-mails of endorsement can be sent and included in the petition submitted at the UN. Petition launched on  

http://www.causes.com/actions/1737985-challenging-militaristic-security-abolition-of-war?utm_campaign=cause_mailer%2Fweekly_report&utm_medium=email&utm_source=causes

(sign- on only through facebook)

 

CHALLENGING MILITARIZED SECURITY:

ABOLITION OF WAR

 

 

AWARE THAT the global military expenditure is equal 

to 700 years of the UN regular budget or almost 3,000 years of the new UN women’s agency, UN Women  THAT true security is NOT "human security" (Iraq 1991),"humanitarian intervention" (Kosovo, 1999),  "self defense" (Afghanistan, 2001-),"Pre-emptive-preventive"(Iraq2003)", "Responsibility to Protect" (Haiti, 2004, Libya, 2011) or "will to intervene" (Mali, 2013) 

 

BUT common security.

Common security was a concept initiated by Olof Palme, a former president of Sweden, and has been extended to embody the following objectives

 

            ·        to achieve a state of peace, and disarmament; through reallocation of military expenses and delegitimization of  war

·     to create a global structure that respects the rule of law and the International Court of Justice;

·      to enable socially equitable and environmentally sound employment, and ensure the right to development and social justice;

·      to promote and fully guarantee respect for human rights including labour rights, women’s rights (including SC Res. 1325), civil and political rights, indigenous rights, social and cultural rights – right to food, housing, safe drinking water and sewage, education, and to universally accessible not-for-profit health care system;

·      to ensure the preservation and protection of the environment, the respect for the inherent worth of nature beyond human purpose,  reduction of the ecological footprint e move away from the current model of unsustainable and excessive overconsumption furthering the cult of war;

·         to endviolence against women that is a result of and tool of war.

 

Common security through the adherence to  the rule of international law will lead to the fulfillment, under Security Council 1325 – of the important role of women, to prevent war. 

 

RECOMMENDATIONS

IN THE LIGHT OF THESE PRECENDENTS AND POSSIBLITIES:

 

 

WE CALL FOR the years of international rhetoric on moving to a culture of peace to be translated into action by the international system, including the Commission on the Status of Women ;

 

WE CALL FOR the delegitimization of war. Given the social, economic, ecological, health and psychological consequences of war, under no circumstance or condition is war legal or just;

 

WE CALL FOR all states to reduce their military budgets by at least 50% to stem the 1.7 trillion dollars global annual military budget and to reallocate the savings to the promotion of true global security, common security

 

WE CALL UPON all governments to help prevent war by invoking the UN charter’s chapter VI - the peaceful resolution of disputes;

 

WE CALL FOR the United Nations to promote common security and call upon the member states to sign and ratify international covenants and conventions which embody obligations and commitments related to common security;

 

WE CALL FOR allStates to reform their domestic laws and judicial procedures so they provide effective and meaningful protections for the rights of indigenous women within their jurisdictions, and to take steps, immediately, to ensure elimination of the direct and indirect impacts that militarization and development and utilization of nuclear processes/ byproducts have on indigenous people, particularly indigenous women and girls*, using the transfer of capital money no longer being used to fund war. *Note., who are the most severely impacted, as a result of various States intentionally identifying and locating industries related to militarization, nuclear facilities and related waste disposal sites on their legally protected homelands;

 

WE CALL UPON the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) to calculate the contribution of militarism to greenhouse gas emissions;

 

WE CALL FOR the conversion, to peaceful purposes, of military bases, including those on foreign soil. 

__________________________  ______________________  _________________  

NAME                                       

ORGANIZATION IF APPLICABLE                       

COUNTRY                      

 

 

 

__________________________  ______________________  _________________  

Drafted by Joan Russow and Janis Alton, Canadian Voice of Women for Peace.
List in process. Please e-mail  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it  or    This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it  to indicate endorsement. NOTE e-mails will not be made public

 

 

 

 

BACKGROUND

For many years the member states of the United Nations incurred obligations and made commitments to reallocate military expenses and to embrace disarmament

 

Last Updated on Thursday, 03 October 2013 12:33
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Ground the Drones Stop Britain being a launchpad for killerdrones PDF Print E-mail
Peace News
Written by Joan Russow   
Thursday, 28 February 2013 12:27

By Stop the War Coalition  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 
 
Saturday 27th April protest: Ground the Drones
Stop Britain being a launchpad for killerdrones

Assemble: 12 noon at Lincoln station
March to rally at 2pm
at RAF Waddington – the UK's new
Centre of Drone Operations
 

This spring, the UK will double its number of armed Reaper drones in Afghanistan and will for the first time begin operating drones over Afghanistan from a new facility at RAF Waddington near Lincoln.

Last Updated on Thursday, 28 February 2013 12:34
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WikiLeaks reveals imperialist plots against Venezuela PDF Print E-mail
Peace News
Written by Joan Russow   
Tuesday, 26 February 2013 21:53

Sunday, February 24, 2013

 
alt

WikiLeaks has published over 40,000 secret documents regarding Venezuela, which show the clear hand of US imperialism in efforts to topple popular and democratically elected leader Hugo Chavez.

The documents, which date from July 2004 to December 2011 and which were published through WikiLeaks twitter account @wikileaks and which are now available on WikilLeaks Global Intelligence Files online, are based on emails taken from the private US-based intelligence company, Stratfor.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 26 February 2013 22:02
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Arms Bazaars Proliferate as U.N. Tries to Regulate Trade PDF Print E-mail
Peace News
Written by Joan Russow   
Friday, 22 February 2013 10:36

By Thalif Deen

A Belgian F-16 Fighting Falcon during a training flight before the Air Show 2009 in Radom, Poland. Credit: Konflikty.pl/ cc by 2.0

A Belgian F-16 Fighting Falcon during a training flight before the Air Show 2009 in Radom, Poland. Credit: Konflikty.pl/ cc by 2.0

UNITED NATIONS, Feb 21 2013 (IPS) - When a 20-year-old went on a deadly shooting spree killing 26 students and teachers in an elementary school in Connecticut last December, there was the inevitable outcry either for a ban or a tight control on gun shows, where firearms can be purchased over the counter with no background checks on the buyer.

Last Updated on Friday, 22 February 2013 10:38
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Iran has no intention of developing nuclear weapons but if it wanted to, the United States could not thwart it, Iran's supreme leader says. PDF Print E-mail
Peace News
Written by Joan Russow   
Monday, 18 February 2013 10:07

 

Khamenei says US couldn't stop Iran getting bomb
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei speaks at a meeting with Iranian Azeri ethnic people in Tehran today. Iran has no intention of developing nuclear weapons but if it wanted to, the United States could not thwart it, Iran's supreme leader says.
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei speaks at a meeting with Iranian Azeri ethnic people in Tehran today. Iran has no intention of developing nuclear weapons but if it wanted to, the United States could not thwart it, Iran's supreme leader says.

AFP - Iran has no intention of developing nuclear weapons but if it wanted to, the United States could not thwart it, supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said on Saturday.

"We believe nuclear weapons must be abolished and we have no intention of building" such weaponry, Khamenei said in remarks posted on his website leader.ir.

But, Khamenei said, "if Iran had such intentions, the US could in no way prevent it" from building an atomic bomb.

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