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2012 international Human Rights Day- years of failed compliance PDF Print E-mail
Posted by Joan Russow
Monday, 10 December 2012 06:08

 

byJoan Russow - Global Compliance Research Project.

December 10 2012

           

 

     Throughout the past 64 years  since the 1948 UN Declaration of Human Rights, the member states of United Nations have negotiated instruments to protect human rights; yet  many states within the United Nations have failed  to sign these international instruments, to ratify these instruments, or even when signed, ratified to enact the necessary legislation to ensure compliabce and enforce these instruments. In addition, many states have failed to act on globally adopted Platform of Actions and Action Plans, and to respect United Nations General Assembly resolutions.

Enclosed is a list of human Rights instruments. Citizens  can check to find the status of  state compliance. There are often international channels through which citizens can file complaints about non-compliance.

 

From http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/
CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS
- format

THE INTERNATIONAL BILL OF HUMAN RIGHTS

THE CORE INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS and their monitoring bodies

There are nine core international human rights treaties. Each of these treaties has established a committee of experts to monitor implementation of the treaty provisions by its States parties. Some of the treaties are supplemented by optional protocols dealing with specific concerns.

   

Date

Monitoring Body

ICERD

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

21 Dec 1965

CERD

ICCPR

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

16 Dec 1966

CCPR

ICESCR

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

16 Dec 1966

CESCR

CEDAW

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

18 Dec 1979

CEDAW

CAT

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

10 Dec 1984

CAT

CRC

Convention on the Rights of the Child

20 Nov 1989

CRC

ICRMW

International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families

18 Dec 1990

CMW

CPED

International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance

20 Dec 2006

CED

CRPD

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

13 Dec 2006

CRPD

ICESCR - OP

Optional Protocol of the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

10 Dec 2008

CESCR

ICCPR-OP1

Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

16 Dec 1966

HRC

ICCPR-OP2

Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty

15 Dec 1989

HRC

OP-CEDAW

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women

10 Dec 1999

CEDAW

OP-CRC-AC

Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict

25 May 2000

CRC

OP-CRC-SC

Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography

25 May 2000

CRC

OP-CAT

Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

18 Dec 2002

SPT

OP-CRPD

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

12 Dec 2006

CRPD

       

UNIVERSAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS

In addition to the International Bill of Rights and the core human rights treaties, there are many other universal instruments relating to human rights. A non-exhaustive selection is listed below. The legal status of these instruments varies: declarations, principles, guidelines, standard rules and recommendations have no binding legal effect, but such instruments have an undeniable moral force and provide practical guidance to States in their conduct; covenants, statutes, protocols and conventions are legally-binding for those States that ratify or accede to them. Information on the status of ratification of selected instruments is available here. Printer-friendly versions of these instruments may be downloaded from the CD-ROM Compilation of Universal Instruments accessible onlinehere.

WORLD CONFERENCE ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND MILLENNIUM ASSEMBLY

THE RIGHT OF SELF-DETERMINATION

RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES AND MINORITIES

PREVENTION OF DISCRIMINATION

RIGHTS OF WOMEN

RIGHTS OF THE CHILD

RIGHTS OF OLDER PERSONS

RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE: PROTECTION OF PERSONS SUBJECTED TO DETENTION OR IMPRISONMENT

SOCIAL WELFARE, PROGRESS AND DEVELOPMENT

PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

MARRIAGE

RIGHT TO HEALTH

RIGHT TO WORK AND TO FAIR CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT

FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION

SLAVERY, SLAVERY-LIKE PRACTICES AND FORCED LABOUR

RIGHTS OF MIGRANTS

NATIONALITY, STATELESSNESS, ASYLUM AND REFUGEES

WAR CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY, INCLUDING GENOCIDE

HUMANITARIAN LAW

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