Who's Online

We have 789 guests online

Popular

International Earth Articles
Thanks to Trump, the Doomsday Clock Advances Toward Midnight e PDF Print E-mail
Earth News
Posted by Joan Russow   
Thursday, 26 January 2017 10:43

Our organization, the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, is marking the 70th anniversary of its Doomsday Clock on Thursday by moving it 30 seconds closer to midnight. In 2016, the global security landscape darkened as the international community failed to come to grips with humanity’s most pressing threats: nuclear weapons and climate change.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 31 January 2017 00:15
Read more...
 
Learning Alliances Help Climate-Smart Agricultural Practices Take Root PDF Print E-mail
Earth News
Posted by Joan Russow   
Wednesday, 25 January 2017 10:07

By Nteranya Sanginga Edidah Ampaire

Nteranya Sanginga is Director General of IITA, and Edidah Ampaire is an IITA Project Coordinator based in Kampala, Uganda.

Smallholders in developing countries all too often do not have the resources or incentives to commit to the transformation to sustainable agriculture that scientists know is needed. Credit: IITA

Smallholders in developing countries all too often do not have the resources or incentives to commit to the transformation to sustainable agriculture that scientists know is needed. Credit: IITA

 

IBADAN, Nigeria, Jan 24 2017 (IPS) - Development advocates and professionals are very keen on harnessing the power of agriculture to promote the cause of climate change these days. And rightly so, because agriculture is both a major emitter of greenhouse gases and so a potential force for mitigation, and because billions of people will need to eat, and so adaptation is an absolute necessity.

That said, it’s actually quite hard to achieve lasting consensus on the ground. For a plethora of reasons, smallholders in developing countries all too often do not have the resources or incentives to commit to the transformation to sustainable agriculture that scientists know is needed.

However, these challenges can be faced and overcome. Doing so requires that experts listen closely to what people are saying.

The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture is highly engaged in promoting climate-sensitive farming practices and full-fledged Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA). Our experience in the field has given us the opportunity to learn why some useful adaptive techniques struggle to take hold.
Some examples from our work in Northern Uganda are noteworthy.

Last Updated on Friday, 03 February 2017 00:25
Read more...
 
Growing our way out of climate change by building with hemp and wood fibre PDF Print E-mail
Earth News
Posted by Joan Russow   
Sunday, 08 January 2017 19:48

Growing our way out of climate change by building with hemp and wood fibre

https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2014/sep/25/hemp-wood-fibre-construction-climate-change

From domestic housing to the Science Museum, plant-based construction materials cut reliance on scarce resources and build healthy, efficient and zero carbon buildings

 
Hemp pant
 Houses made from hemp could mitigate climate change. Photograph: Roy Morsch/Corbis

How can buildings help with climate change? It’s all about renewables and “sequestered carbon”.

The Department for Business, Innovation and Skills’ 2010 report on Low Carbon Construction concluded that construction was responsible for around 300m tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions, which is almost 47% of the UK’s total. Of this, around 50m tonnes is embedded in the fabric of buildings.

Making one tonne of steel emits 1.46 tonnes of CO2 and 198kg of CO2 is emitted make one tonne of reinforced concrete. One square metre of timber framed, hemp-lime wall (weighing 120kg), after allowing for the energy cost of transporting and assembling the materials actually stores 35.5kg of CO2.

If we can convert plants into building materials, we are in a win-win situation. Plants use the energy of the sun to convert atmospheric CO2 and water into hydrocarbons – the material from which plants are made.

Read more...
 
Why China is Dominating the Solar Industry PDF Print E-mail
Earth News
Posted by Joan Russow   
Monday, 19 December 2016 17:37

Between 2008 and 2013, China's solar-electric panel industry dropped world prices by 80 percent

ByJohn FialkaClimateWire on December 19, 2016

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/why-china-is-dominating-the-solar-industry/

 

"They fundamentally changed the economics of solar all over the world," said Amit Ronen, director of the Solar Institute of George Washington University, one of many scholars following the intense competition in the emerging $100 billion industry that supports the world’s growing solar energy demands.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 27 December 2016 23:23
Read more...
 
Climate-Resistant Beans Could Save Millions PDF Print E-mail
Earth News
Posted by Joan Russow   
Thursday, 08 December 2016 12:59

by 

Heat-tolerant beans at CIAT. Beans and other pulses are called superfoods of the future due to their vast geographical range, high nutritional value and low water requirements. Credit: Ida Karlsson/IPS

Heat-tolerant beans at CIAT. Beans and other pulses are called superfoods of the future

due to their vast geographical range, high nutritional value and low water requirements. Credit: Ida Karlsson/IPS


On a mission in Peru in the 1980s, Debouck narrowly escaped capture by guerillas.

Plants are the vital elements in our ecosystem that clothe us, feed us, give us the oxygen that we breathe and the medicines that cure us. But one in five of world’s plant species are at risk of extinction.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 27 December 2016 22:56
Read more...
 
Battle of the Desert (and III): UNCCD ‘s Louise Baker on The Silk Road PDF Print E-mail
Earth News
Posted by Joan Russow   
Thursday, 24 November 2016 08:34

By Baher Kamal

Louise Baker

Louise Baker

 

BONN / ROME, Nov 23 2016 (IPS) - Marking this year’s World Day to Combat Desertification last June, the United Nations announced the launch of a China-United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) Belt and Road Joint Action initiative to curb Desertification along the Silk Road.

UNCCD  is the key United Nations legal framework to combat desertification. IPS interviews Louise Baker, Coordinator External Relations, Policy and Advocacy Unit, UNCCD about the current effects of drought in the countries, which are expected to benefit from this initiative?

Drought is a complex natural hazard that causes more deaths and displaces more people than any other natural disaster. Its socio-economic and environmental impacts are severe and far-reaching, Baker states.

Last Updated on Friday, 25 November 2016 15:47
Read more...
 
COP22 MUST AVOID THE SYSTEMIC CONSTRAINTS OF COP21 PDF Print E-mail
Earth News
Posted by Joan Russow   
Thursday, 10 November 2016 13:38

 

by Joan Russow PhD

Clobal Compliance Research Project 

 

Thursday, 10 November 2016 12:53

 

ClimateChange
 

At COP 21Ban Ki Moon, in Paris, urged states to negotiate with a global vision not with national vested interests (Cop21 press conference)

A global vision  would be to address article 2 of the UNFCCC and at a minimum to immediately end all subsidies for fossil fuel, to calculate the carbon budget for each state,

to divest in fossil fuels and to reinvest in renewable energy, to conserve sinks -such as old growth forests and bogs, to strengthen conservation of  biodiversity, 

to avoid all false solutions such as nuclear, geo-engineering and biofuels which would all violate principles within the UNFCCC, to compensate for historical  emissions,

and to institute a fair and just transition for workers affected negatively by the new vision.  and to promote nature based solutions  and socially equitable

and environmentally sound such as solar, wind, tidal, and geothermal

 

 
COP22 must avoid the systemic constraints that undermined COP21
 
 
 
SYSTEMIC CONSTRAINTS PREVENTING THE COMMITMENT TO URGENCY
 
IN COP21 IN THE PREAMBLE IS THE “RECOGNITION THAT CLIMATE CHANGE REPRESENTS AN URGENT AND POTENTIALLY IRREVERSIBLE THREAT TO HUMAN SOCIETY AND THE PLANET” YET THE EXISTENCE OF SYDTEMIC CONSTRAINTS PREVENTED COP21 FROM EMBODYING THIS RECOGNITION
 
1.THE BEST IS THE ENEMY OF THE GOOD- THE COMPROMISERS CREDO
 
2 BASELINES TARGETS TIMEFRAMES WERE ALL OUT OF SYNC
 
3. -EXPEDIENT OMISSION; GLOBAL CARBON BUDGET. HISTORICAL AND PER CAPITA EMISSIONS
 
4. THE SHORTNESS OF INSTITUTIONAL MEMORY AND THE UNDERMINING OF LEGAL OBLIGATIONS FROM ARTICLE 2 3 AND 4
 
5. A SOLUTION SHOULD NEVER BE EQUALLY BAD OR WORSE THAN THE PROBLEM IT IS INTENDED TO SOLVE
 
6.SOME STATES ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHER
 
 
7. THE LOWEST COMMON DENOMINATOR; THE  TYRANNY OF CONSENSUS
 
8 THE FAILURE TO REVERSE THE EXEMPTION FOR THE CONTRIBUTION TO GREEMHOUSE GAS EMISSION
 
9. RELUCTANCE TO USE THE INTERNATIONAL COURT AGAINST THE MAJOR EMMITTERS FOR THEY VIOLATIONS OF ARTICLE 2 OF THE UNFCCC
 
10. IGNORING COMMITMMENT FOR FUNDING SOURCE
Last Updated on Wednesday, 16 November 2016 13:23
Read more...
 
Doubts About the Promised Bounty of Genetically Modified Crops PDF Print E-mail
Earth News
Posted by Joan Russow   
Sunday, 30 October 2016 13:06

BY DANNY HAKIM
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/30/business/gmo-promise-falls-short.html?smid=re-share&_r=0OCT. 29, 2016

Arnaud Rousseau, a sixth-generation farmer in France, in a field of rapeseed. Twenty years ago, Europe largely rejected genetic modification at the same time the United States and Canada were embracing it. CreditEd Alcock for The New York TimesLONDON — The controversy over genetically modified crops has long focused on largely unsubstantiated fears that they are unsafe to eat.
But an extensive examination by The New York Times indicates that the debate has missed a more basic problem — genetic modification in the United States and Canada has not accelerated increases in crop yields or led to an overall reduction in the use of chemical pesticides.
The promise of genetic modification was twofold: By making crops immune to the effects of weedkillers and inherently resistant to many pests, they would grow so robustly that they would become indispensable to feeding the world’s growing population, while also requiring fewer applications of sprayed pesticides.
Twenty years ago, Europe largely rejected genetic modification at the same time the United States and Canada were embracing it. Comparing results on the two continents, using independent data as well as academic and industry research, shows how the technology has fallen short of the promise.

Last Updated on Sunday, 30 October 2016 21:37
Read more...
 
Cultivating a Different Future for Rural Women in Argentina PDF Print E-mail
Earth News
Posted by Joan Russow   
Saturday, 15 October 2016 22:48

 

This article is published ahead of the International Day of Rural Women, celebrated October 15

Olga Campos (left), her grandson Jhonny and her sister-in-law Limbania Limache, on the three-hectare leased plot of land where they plant organic vegetables in El Pato, 44 km south of Buenos Aires.In cold, hot or wet weather they work every day in the vegetable garden. Credit: Guido Ignacio Fontán/IPS

 

EL PATO, Argentina, Oct 13 2016 (IPS) - Her seven children have grown up, but she now takes care of a young grandson while working in her organic vegetable garden in El Pato, south of the city of Buenos Aires. Olga Campos wants for them what she wasn’t able to achieve: an education to forge a different future.

I am 40 years old and I am just now going to school,.. something that I never thought I would do. As I was not able to go to school, to me as a mother the most important thing was that my kids got to go,” Campos told IPS in this town of 7,000 people in the municipality of Berazategui, (44 km from the capital of Argentina.)

Last Updated on Monday, 17 October 2016 14:00
Read more...
 
Conservation Congress Votes to Ban All Domestic Trade in Elephant Ivory PDF Print E-mail
Earth News
Posted by Joan Russow   
Wednesday, 14 September 2016 06:32

 

HONOLULU, Hawaii, Sep 11 2016 (IPS) - The international conservation community has taken an important step towards saving African elephants from mass slaughter by voting at a major congress to call on all governments to ban their domestic trade in ivory.

A resolution at the World Conservation Congress of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) was passed overwhelmingly by governments and NGOs on its last day on Saturday despite fierce opposition from a minority of countries led by Japan, South Africa and Namibia.

Tusks end up smuggled by criminal organisations to Asia where they are carved and sold openly -- mostly in China, Vietnam and Hong Kong -- under the guise of legal ivory imported before a ban on international trade came into force in 1989.

 

Motion 007 was the last and most contentious of 105 resolutions voted on at the 10-day IUCN congress in Honolulu. Delegates cheered and applauded as some 20 amendments put forward by Namibia and Japan were defeated, and the text of the resolution was approved.

The resolution, sponsored on the government side by the United States and Gabon, aims to deprive illegal poachers of market demand for elephant ivory. Results of a recently released Great Elephant Census of 18 African countries showed that poachers are killing some 27,000 savanna elephants a year, resulting in an annual population decline of 8 percent.

Activists say an elephant is being shot for its ivory every 15 minutes. Tusks end up smuggled by criminal organisations to Asia where they are carved and sold openly — mostly in China, Vietnam and Hong Kong — under the guise of legal ivory imported before a ban on international trade came into force in 1989.

Read more...
 
<< Start < Prev 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Next > End >>

Latest News