Who's Online

We have 1312 guests online

Popular

177 readings
COP21: fossil fuel states negotiated with a fossil fuel vision and ignored the UNFCCC PDF Print E-mail
Earth News
Posted by Joan Russow
Tuesday, 16 October 2018 13:59
 
 
By Joan Russow written for the Watershed Sentinel
 
December 2015
 
In the 2014 IPCC Report, the urgency of addressing climate change was reaffirmed;
 
The world is not ready for the impacts of climate change, including more extreme weather and the likelihood that populated parts of the planet could be rendered uninhabitable. The report argues that world leaders have only a few years left to reduce carbon emissions enough to avoid catastrophic warming, which would produce significant sea level rise and large-scale shifts in temperatures that would dramatically disrupt human life and natural ecosystems.
 
At COP21 Ban Ki-Moon urged that ‘the States to negotiate with a global vision not from specific national interests”.
 
A global vision is not just ‘recalling” (Paris Agreement) but abiding by articles 2, 3. 4 in the legally binding 1992 United |Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This Convention which has been ratified by all member states of the United has addressed many of the contentious issues at COP21.
 
In article 2 under the legally binding UNFCCC is the obligation:
….to stabilize of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system
A global vision to address article 2 would be to immediately end all subsidies for fossil fuel, to calculate the carbon budget for each state, to divest in fossil fuels and to reinvest in renewable energy, to conserve sinks, and to avoid all false solutions such as nuclear, geo-engineering and biofuels which would all violate principles within the UNFCCC.
 
*A global vision would be to abide by legally binding principles under article 3 in the UNFCCC-
ARTICLE 3: PRINCIPLES (UNFCCC)
1. The Parties should protect the climate system for the benefit of present and future generations of humankind, on the basis of equity and in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities. Accordingly, the developed country Parties should take the lead in combating climate change and the adverse effects thereof.
2. The specific needs and special circumstances of developing country Parties, especially those that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change, and of those Parties, especially developing country Parties, that would have to bear a disproportionate or abnormal burden under the Convention, should be given full consideration.
 3. The Parties should take precautionary measures to anticipate, prevent or minimize the causes of climate change and mitigate its adverse effects. Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty should not be used as a reason for postponing such measures, taking into account that policies and measures to deal with climate change should be cost-effective so as to ensure global benefits at the lowest possible cost.
 
*A global vision would be abiding by legally binding commitments, not voluntary “contributions” (Paris Agreement)
 
ARTICLE 4 COMMITMENTS (UNFCCC)
1. All Parties, taking into account their common but differentiated responsibilities and their specific national and regional development priorities, objectives and circumstances, shall:
 (a) Develop, periodically update, publish inventories of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouses ….
 
Real commitments would be time lines and targets in line with existing and emerging science such as
30% below 1990 levels by 2018, 50% below 1990 levels by 2020, 65 % below 1990 levels by 2025, 75% below1990 levels by 2040 and 100% below 1990 emissions by 2050, decarbonization with 100% ecologically sound renewable energy,  
 
*A global vision would also be to act on the preamble in the UNFCCC
Noting that the largest share of historical and current global emissions of greenhouse gases has originated in developed countries:
 
Cop21: fossil fuel states negotiated with a fossil fuel vision and ignored the UNFCCC
By Joan Russow originally written for the Watershed Sentinel
 
In the 2014 IPCC Report, the urgency of addressing climate change was reaffirmed;
 
The world is not ready for the impacts of climate change, including more extreme weather and the likelihood that populated parts of the planet could be rendered uninhabitable. The report argues that world leaders have only a few years left to reduce carbon emissions enough to avoid catastrophic warming, which would produce significant sea level rise and large-scale shifts in temperatures that would dramatically disrupt human life and natural ecosystems.
 
At COP21 Ban Ki-Moon urged that ‘the States to negotiate with a global vision not from specific national interests”.
 
A global vision is not just ‘recalling” (Paris Agreement) but abiding by articles 2, 3. 4 in the legally binding 1992 United |Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This Convention which has been ratified by all member states of the United has addressed many of the contentious issues at COP21.
 
In article 2 under the legally binding UNFCCC is the obligation:
….to stabilize of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system
A global vision to address article 2 would be to immediately end all subsidies for fossil fuel, to calculate the carbon budget for each state, to divest in fossil fuels and to reinvest in renewable energy, to conserve sinks, and to avoid all false solutions such as nuclear, geo-engineering and biofuels which would all violate principles within the UNFCCC.
 
*A global vision would be to abide by legally binding principles under article 3 in the UNFCCC-
ARTICLE 3: PRINCIPLES (UNFCCC)
1. The Parties should protect the climate system for the benefit of present and future generations of humankind, on the basis of equity and in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities. Accordingly, the developed country Parties should take the lead in combating climate change and the adverse effects thereof.
2. The specific needs and special circumstances of developing country Parties, especially those that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change, and of those Parties, especially developing country Parties, that would have to bear a disproportionate or abnormal burden under the Convention, should be given full consideration.
 3. The Parties should take precautionary measures to anticipate, prevent or minimize the causes of climate change and mitigate its adverse effects. Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty should not be used as a reason for postponing such measures, taking into account that policies and measures to deal with climate change should be cost-effective so as to ensure global benefits at the lowest possible cost.
 
*A global vision would be abiding by legally binding commitments, not voluntary “contributions” (Paris Agreement)
 
ARTICLE 4 COMMITMENTS (UNFCCC)
1. All Parties, taking into account their common but differentiated responsibilities and their specific national and regional development priorities, objectives and circumstances, shall:
 (a) Develop, periodically update, publish inventories of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouses ….
 
Real commitments would be time lines and targets in line with existing and emerging science such as
30% below 1990 levels by 2018, at least 50% below 1990 levels by 2020, 65 % below 1990 levels by 2025, at least 75% below1990 levels by 2040 and 100% below 1990 emissions by 2050, decarbonization with 100% ecologically sound renewable energy,  
 
*A global vision would also be to act on the preamble in the UNFCCC
Noting that the largest share of historical and current global emissions of greenhouse gases has originated in developed countries.
 
Fossil fuel states must take the lead by addressing their historical responsibility, for the greenhouse gas emissions, including those exempted from their military expenses.  They must pay compensation, for damage and losses, to developing states, the least developing countries, indigenous peoples and climate change refugees and. they should be required to derive funds from the reallocating of their exorbitant military budgets. In the event that the fossil fuel states fail to live up to this responsibility to those who have suffered the most and contribute the least, states must be deemed complicit with the misrepresentation and gross negligence of fossil fuel corporations whose charters or licences come under their national legislation.
 
*A truly global vision is expressed in the poem by Nigerian poet, Nnimmo Bassey. Leave crude  oil in the soil, coal in the hole and tar sands in the land http://pejnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9539:if-you-dont-leave-crude-oil-in-the-soil-coal-in-the-hole-and-tar-sands-in-the-land-i-will-confront-and-denounce-you-&catid=86:i-earth-news&Itemid=210
 
 Joan Russow/Stevenson attended COP21 on behalf of the Watershed Sentinel and followed the press conferences given by scientists, human rights climate justice activists, environmentalists, developed and developing countries, indigenous rights groups, divest and reinvest groups, end fossil fuel subsidies, health advocates, water campaigners and labour groups etc.
 
*A truly global vision is expressed in the poem by Nigerian poet, Nnmmo Bassey. Leave crude  oil in the soil, coal in the hole and tar sands in the land
 
http://pejnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9539:if-you-dont-leave-crude-oil-in-the-soil-coal-in-the-hole-and-tar-sands-in-the-land-i-will-confront-and-denounce-you-&catid=86:i-earth-news&Itemid=210
 
COMMENT
TThe only part of the article that was published,by the editor of the Watershe Sentine; was the poem by Nnimmo Bassey
 
 
 
 
Last Updated on Tuesday, 16 October 2018 14:11
 

Latest News