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DRAFT; FOR THE SAKE OF PEACE AND DISARMAMENT PDF Print E-mail
Peace News
Posted by Joan Russow
Friday, 14 April 2017 07:54

 

By Joan Russow PhD

Global Compliance Research Project

(OUTLINE FROM A LARGER DOCUMENT)

(RELEASED NOW BECAUSE OF TRUMP'S INCREASED MILITARISM AND DEFIANCE OF THE RULE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW)

 

Image result for image  peace AND DISARMAMENT

DISARMAMENT POSTER - NORTHERN fRIENDS' pEACE BOARD 1935

 

 

A.

PEACE PROMOTION

*COMMON SECURITY

1. We must reappropriate the word “security” and not allow it to be distorted by the military. (Dr. Ursula Franklin, internationally renowned scientist and pacifist (1984 at the lead up conference to Nairobi Conference on Women, 1985)

 2. “True security exists when all are secure, through “common security” (Olof Palme, 1982) whose objectives could be extended to include but not limited to the following:

(a) to achieve a state of peace, and disarmament; through    reallocation of military expenses and delegitimization of war;

(b) to promote and fully guarantee respect for human rights including  labour rights, civil and political rights, indigenous rights, social and cultural rights – right to food, to housing, to safe drinking water and sanitation , right to education and right to universally accessible not for profit health care system; right to water and sanitation

(c) to ensure the preservation, conservation and protection of the environment, the respect for the inherent worth of nature beyond human purpose, to reduce the ecological footprint and to move away from the current model of unsustainable and excessive overconsumption

(d) To enable socially equitable and environmentally sound employment, energy and transportation,

(e)  to fully implement the UN Declaration the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

 

1.RIGHT TO LIFE, LIBERTY AND SECURITY OF PERSON.

 

UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person. Article 3

 

*2 INTERNATIONAL DAY OF PEACE [ÂND DISARMAMENT]

 

Recalling its resolution 36/67 of 30 November 1981,

1. Decides that, with effect from the fifty-seventh session of the General Assembly, the International Day of Peace shall be observed on 21 September each year, with this date to be brought to the attention of all people for the celebration and observance of peace;

2. Declares that the International Day of Peace shall henceforth be observed as a day of global ceasefire and non-violence, an invitation to all nations and people to honour a cessation of hostilities for the duration of the Day;

ACTION; TO CELEBRATE ON SEPTEMBER 21, THE INTERNATIONAL DAY OF PEACE [AND DISARMAMENT]

 

*3.DECLARATION ON THE RIGHT OF PEOPLES TO PEACE APPROVED BY GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTION 1984

Solemnly proclaims that the peoples of our planet have a sacred right to peace;

2. Solemnly declares that the preservation of the right of peoples to peace and the promotion of its implementation constitute a fundamental obligation of each State;

3. Emphasizes that ensuring the exercise of the right of peoples to peace demands that the policies of States be directed towards the elimination of the threat of war, particularly nuclear war, the renunciation of the use of force in international relations and the settlement of international disputes by peaceful means on the basis of the Charter of the United Nations;

 

*4.DECLARATION ON THE USE OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS IN THE INTERESTS OF PEACE, 1975)

1. All States shall promote international co-operation to ensure that the results of scientific and technological developments are used in the interests of strengthening international peace and security, freedom and independence, and also for the purpose of the economic and social development of peoples and the realization of human rights and freedoms in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.

ACTION; CALL UPON UNESCO TO PROMOTE THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THIS DECLARATION

 

*5.FAIR AND JUST TRANSITION

ACTION: Promote a fair and Just Transition  which must protect Jobs and the environment by ensuring that all workers’ livelihoods will be protected and secured during and after the process of reduced military spending through new job creation, placement and re-skilling for socially and environmentally beneficial work.

 

*6.PEACE EDUCATION CULTURE OF PEACE

The culture of peace and non-violence is a commitment to peace-building, mediation, conflict prevention and resolution, peace education, education for non-violence, tolerance, acceptance, mutual respect, intercultural and interfaith dialogue and reconciliation. UNESCO

 

 

B.

ACTIONS THAT IMPEDE (HINDER INHIBIT)  PEACE MUST END

 

*1. GLORIFYING WAR AND CONFLICT

 

ACTION; END THE GLORIFICATION OF WAR; THE FIRST WORLD WAR WAS INTENDED TO BE ``THE WAR TO END ALL WARS``

 

*2.  MISCONSTRUING THE ESSENCE OF THE CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS

 

2.1. OBJECTIVE OF THE UNITED NATION;

to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind {HUMANITY} andto establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained

 

2.2 CHAPTER VI

Article 33

1.    The parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, shall, first of all, seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements, or other peaceful means of their own choice.

2.    The Security Council shall, when it deems necessary, call upon the parties to settle their dispute by such means.

 

2.3.  CHAPTER VII; INSTITUTING SANCTIONS AND BESTOWING OF LEGALITY ON WAR

Article 41

The Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, and it may call upon the Members of the United Nations to apply such measures. These may include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations.

Article 42

Should the Security Council consider that measures provided for in Article 41 would be inadequate or have proved to be inadequate, it may take such action by air, sea, or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security. Such action may include demonstrations, blockade, and other operations by air, sea, or land forces of Members of the United Nations.

ACTION: URGE STATES TO NOT BYPASS CHAPTER VI-PEACEFUL RESOLUTION OF DISPUTES

 

2.5 VOTES AT THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL

  1. Decisions of the Security Council on all other matters shall be made by an affirmative vote of nine members including the concurring votes of the permanent members; provided that, in decisions under Chapter VI, and under paragraph 3 of Article 52, a party to a dispute shall abstain from voting.
  2.  

2.5 THE VETO POWER OF THE 5 PERMENTARY MEMBERS

The Veto power violates a fundamental principle of the United Nations – the sovereign equality of states.

 

ACTION:CALL FOR THE DISBANDING OF THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL AND BUILDING ON THE UNITING FOR PEACE  RESOLUTION, TO GIVE POWER TO THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY WHICH DOES ENCOMPASS THE PRINCIPLE OF SOVEREIGN EQUALITY OF STATES.

 

3. OCCUPATION LAW

The duties of the occupying power are spelled out primarily in the 1907 Hague Regulations (arts 42-56) and the Fourth Geneva Convention (GC IV, art. 27-34 and 47-78), as well as in certain provisions of Additional Protocol I and customary international humanitarian law.

Agreements concluded between the occupying power and the local authorities cannot deprive the population of occupied territory of the protection afforded by international humanitarian law (GC IV, art. 47) and protected persons themselves can in no circumstances renounce their rights (GC IV, art. 8).

ACTION; END THE OCCUPATION OF PALESTINIAN TERRORITIES

 

*4. CONCOCTING PRETEXTS FOR WAR, EUPHEMISMS, SPIRITUAL JUSIFICATION

Using pretexts for military intervention such as the following: “human security" (Iraq 1991), "Humanitarian intervention" (Kosovo, 1999), “self-defence” (Afghanistan 2001), "Pre-emptive/ preventive" attack (Iraq, 2003) "Responsibility to Protect (Haiti, 2004, Libya, 2011) or "will to intervene" (Mali, 2013)  

 

ACTION; EXPOSE AND CONFRONT THE PRETEXTS OF WAR 

 

*5. EXPOUNDING THEORIES OF A JUST WAR

a) Legitimate Authority:

(b) Just Cause

(c) Just Intent:

(d) Last Resort: All other means to resolve the dispute must have been tried and shown to fail, before one may justifiably unleash the dogs of war

(e)Reasonable Chance of Success: All 5 of the principles of ius ad bellum must be met before JWT believes it morally justifiable to go to war.

 (f) Ius in Bello Principles or Just Means:

1.    The Principle of Discrimination:

2.     The Principle of Proportionality. The war’s harm must not exceed the good accomplished.

 

ACTION: COUNTER THE PRINCIPLES OF THE JUST WAR THEORY AND CALL FOR THE DELEGITIMIZATION OF WAR.

GIVEN THE SOCIAL, ENVIRONMENTAL, HEALTH, HUMAN RIGHTS, ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF WAR, UNDER NO CONDITION OR CIRCUMSTANCE IS WAR LEGAL OR JUST.END THE PRACTICE OF DISRESPECTING OF THE JURISDICTION AND DECISIONS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE.

 

*6.PRIORIZING PEACE BUILDING AFTER CONFLICT OVER PREVENTION

Reaffirming the important role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts and in peace-building, and stressing the importance of their equal participation and full involvement in all efforts for the maintenance and promotion of peace and security…. (UNSC 1325, 2000)

ACTION: CALL FOR THE PARTICIATION OF WOMEN IN THE PREVENTION OF WAR NOT JUST IN PEACE BUILDING

 

*7. INTERNATIONAL COMMITMENTS TO REDUCE THE GLOBAL MILITARY BUDGET IGNORED

In 1976 at Habitat 1, member states of the United Nations affirmed the following in relation to the military budget: “The waste and misuse of resources in war and armaments should be prevented. All countries should make a firm commitment to promote general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control, in particular in the field of nuclear disarmament. Part of the resources thus released should be utilized so as to achieve a better quality of life for humanity and particularly the peoples of developing countries" (II, 12 Habitat 1).

ACTION; URGE THE FULFILLMENT OF THIS COMMITMENT THROUGH PURSUING THE FOLLOWING; BEGIN A PHASED REDUCTION OF GLOBAL MILITARY SPENDING, BEGINNING WITH A 50 % REDUCTION IMMEDIATELY;

 

*8. FOREIGN MILITARY BASES IN SOVEREIGN STATES AROUND THE WORLD.

China 1, Germany 2.France 11, India 6.Italy 2, japan 1,Russia 10.Turkey 7,UK 22,US 34, (MORE LIKELY1000?)

 

ACTION: CALL FOR THE CONVERSION OF FOREIGN MILITARY BASES TO PEACEFUL PURPOSES

 

*9. ENGAGING IN PROPAGANDA FOR WAR

1. Any propaganda for war shall be prohibited by law. (Article 20, International covenant on civil and political rights

ACTION: URGE STATES TO INCLUDE IN “PROPAGANDA FOR WAR” PROHIBITION OF ENGAGING WAR GAMES, OF MOVING MILITARY VESSELS CLOSE TO ENEMY STATES,OR OF ADVANCING WITH A MILITARY ORGANIZATION CLOSE TO BORDER OF AN ENEMY STATE

 

*10. PERPETUATION OF MILITARIZATION THROUGH EXEMPTIONS

In 1997, the US insisted in having the contribution of militarism to greenhouse gases exempt from the UNFCCC

ACTION; CALL FOR THE REMOVAL OF THE EXEMPTION OF CONTRIBUTION OF MILITARISM TO GREENHOUSE GAS EMMISSIONS

 

*11. COMPLICITY THROUGH PENSIONS AND INDIVIDUAL INVESTMENT

Many pensions do not have negative or positive screens

ACTION: LOBBY FOR PENSION FUNDS TO HAVE A NEGATIVE SCREEN WHICH EXCLUDES MILITARISM AND A POSITIVE SCREEN WHICH PROMOTES PEACE

 

*12. COMPLICITY IN MILITARISM AND AGRESSION

1. NATO

(a) reneging on commitments:NATO expansion

(b)destabilizing other nations

(c)engaging in propaganda for war

d) initiating or being complicit in acts of aggression(e) (bypassing chapter vi of the charter of the united nations- peaceful resolution of disputes,

(f) defying international law, by not complying with conventions

(g) using prohibited conventional weapons and new weapons,

(h) being a nuclear weapons Alliance whose positions violate the NPT and undermine the 13 steps:

NATO says that:

                       (1)    Nuclear weapons must be maintained indefinitely.

2) We will improve their use and accuracy (modernize them).

3) We can use them first.

4) We can target non-nuclear weapon states.

5) We can threaten to use them.

6) We can keep them in Europe as

7) We can launch some on 15 minutes warning

8) We say “they are essential for peace

On the NATO web site, NATO commits itself to the goal of creating the conditions for a world without nuclear weapons – but reconfirms that, as long as there are nuclear weapons in the world, NATO will remain a nuclear Alliance.

 

The conditions for a world without nuclear weapons would be for all states to sign and ratify  and implement the Non Proliferation Treaty  (NPT) and to call upon all NATO States and nuclear weapon states to participate in the UN negotiations for a legally binding treaty on the abolistion of nuclear weapons. Currrently, the US has urged all NATO States to not participate in the negotiations. 

 

(i) failing to reallocate exorbitant military spending

(j) condoning the exemption of military contributions to greenhouse gas emissions

(k) propagating untenable myths and rhetoric and coercing conformity

partners for peace 22 countries

            (l) perceiving its members to be beyond the judgment of the International Criminal Court and the International Court of Justice

(m) engaging in weapons testing

 

ACTION; CALL FOR THE DISBANDING OF NATO ON THE ABOVE GROUNDS AND URGE FOR ALL NATO STATES TO PARTICIPATE IN THE NEGOTIATIONS AND SUPPORT THE TREATY

 

2. UNRELENTING CONSEQUENCES OF WAR

GENOCIDE CONVENTION

 

(a)  GENOCIDE 

 Convention the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime ofGenocide adopted by the general assembly of the United Nations on 9 December 1948

HAVING CONSIDERED the declaration made by the General Assembly of the United Nations in its resolution 96 (I) dated 11 December 19462 that genocide is a crime under international law, contrary to the spirit and aims of the United Nations and condemned by the civilized world ;

Article I The Contracting Parties confirm that genocide, whether committed in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international law which they undertake to prevent and to punish.

 

ACTION; URGE ALL STATES TO RATIFY THE LEGALLY BINDING INSTRUMENT AND ENACT THE NECESSARY LEGISLATION TO ENSURE COMPLIANCE

 

(b)  INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT ROME STATUTE

Part II Jurisdiction, admissibility and applicable law Article 5 Crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court

1. The jurisdiction of the Court shall be limited to the most serious crimes of concern to the international community as a whole. The Court has jurisdiction in accordance with this Statute with respect to the following crimes: (a) The crime of genocide; (b) Crimes against humanity; (c) War crimes; (d) The crime of aggression.

ACTION: URGE ALL STATES TO SIGN AN RATIFY THE ICC AND ENACT THE NECESSARY LEGISLATION TO ENSURE COMPLIANCE. LOBBY FOR THE ICC TO ALSO BE PREPARED TO SPEAK TRUTH TO POWER

 

(c) CONVENTION AGAINST TORTURE

ACTION; URGE ALL STATES TO RATIFY THE LEGALLY BINDING INSTRUMENT AND ENACT THE NECESSARY LEGISLATION TO ENSURE COMPLIANCE

Article 1

  1. For the purposes of this Convention, the term "torture" means any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. It does not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidental to lawful sanctions.

 

 

*C

FURTHERING DISARMAMENT THROUGH OPPOSING THE FOLLOWING

 

1. PRODUCTION OF WEAPONS

 

*(1) WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION

 *(a).NUCLEAR

(i)Non Proliferation Treaty  (1968)

Article VI of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (“NPT”) states in full: “Each of the Parties to the Treaty undertakes to pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures relating to cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date and to nuclear disarmament, and on a Treaty on general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control.”

 

ACTION; URGE ALL STATES TO PARTICIATE IN THE NEGOTIATION OF THE TREATY TO ABOLISH NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND RATIFY THE LEGALLY BINDING INSTRUMENT.

 

THE UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE TO NEGOTIATE A LEGALLY BINDING INSTRUMENT TO PROHIBIT NUCLEAR WEAPONS, LEADING TOWARDS THEIR TOTAL

ELIMINATION, NEW YORK MARCH - JULY 2017 see http://www.icanw.org/  for updates

(ii) ANTI-BALLISTIC MISSILE (ABH) TREATY OF 1972. 

It limits anti-missile sites to only two in the US and now Russia. It was an agreement not to attempt to create invulnerability, by one of the superpowers thereby violating the basic deterrent principle of MAD

ACTION; TO ABIDE BY THE TREATY

 

 

Section 7 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is a constitutional provision that protects an individual's autonomy and personal legal rights from actions of the government in Canada. There are three types of protection within the section, namely the right to life, liberty, and security of the person.

USS Carl Vinson

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Carl_Vinson

1.    

2.    

USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70) is the third United States Navy Nimitz-class supercarrier and is named after Carl Vinson, a Congressman from Georgia, in recognition of his contributions to the US Navy. Theship was launched in 1980, undertook its maiden voyage in 1983, and ... ship's motto, and also represents the power that resides in the ship's aircraft. The ship is now close to North Korea.

1.    

2.    

The Nimitz-class supercarriers are a class of ten nuclear-powered aircraft carriers in service with the United States Navy. The lead ship of the class is named for World War II United States Pacific .... The presence of nuclear weapons on board U.S. aircraft carriers since the end of the Cold War has neither been confirmed nor denied

 

 

CALL FOR THE PROHIBITION OF THE PRODUCTION AND CIRCULATION OF NUCLEAR POWERED AND NUCLEAR ARMS CAPABLE VESSELS.

 

*(b)BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS

BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION (1972)

Article I Each State Party to this Convention undertakes never in any circumstances to develop, produce, stockpile or otherwise acquire or retain: (1) Microbial or other biological agents, or toxins whatever their origin or method of production, of types and in quantities that have no justification for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes; (2) Weapons, equipment or means of delivery designed to use such agents or toxins for hostile purposes or in armed conflict.

 ACTION; URGE ALL STATES TO RATIFY THE LEGALLY BINDING INSTRUMENT AND ENACT THE NECESSARY LEGISLATION TO ENSURE COMPLIANCE

 

*(c) CHEMICAL WEAPONS (1993)

CONVENTION ON THE PROHIBITION OF THE DEVELOPMENT, PRODUCTION, STOCKPILING AND USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS AND ON THEIR DESTRUCTION  (1968)

CONVENTION ON THE PROHIBITION OF THE DEVELOPMENT, PRODUCTION, STOCKPILING AND USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS AND ON THEIR DESTRUCTION

SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES 1. 2. When a dispute arises between two or more States Parties, or between one or more States Parties and the Organization, relating to the interpretation or application of this Convention, the parties concerned shall consult together with a view to the expeditious settlement of the dispute by negotiation or by other peaceful means of the parties' choice, including recourse to appropriate organs of this Convention and, by mutual consent, referral to the International Court of Justice in conformity with the Statute of the Court.

ACTION; URGE ALL STATES TO RATIFY THE LEGALLY BINDING INSTRUMENT AND ENACT THE NECESSARY LEGISLATION TO ENSURE COMPLIANCE

 

*2 NEW WEAPONS

 FIRST PROTOCOL OF THE GENEVA CONVENTION

Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977.

Article 35. BASIC RULES. 1. In any armed conflict, the right of the Parties to the conflict to choose methods or means of warfare is not unlimited. 2. It is prohibited to employ weapons, projectiles and material and methods of warfare of a nature to cause superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering It is prohibited to employ methods or means of warfare which are intended, or may be expected, to cause widespread, long-term and severe damage to the natural environment.

 

(i)            LETHAL AUTONOMOUS WEAPONS SYSTEMS (KILLER ROBOTS

LETHAL AUTONOMOUS WEAPONS SYSTEM

 

(II)DRONES

This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

https://unoda-web.s3-accelerate.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/assets/publications/more/drones-study/drones-study.pdf

ACTON: URGE THE DISCONTINUING OF THE PROMOTION OF DEVELOPMENT OF DRONES, CONFIGURABLE FOR MILITARY PURPOSES AT UNIVERSITIES END DRONE WARFARE

 

*3 DEPLETED URANIUM

UN GENERAL ASSEMBLRESOLUTION DEPLETED URANIUM CLEAN-UP (2014)

http://www.bandepleteduranium.org/en/timeline

ACTION; LOBBY IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RESOLUTIONTO BAN THE USE OF DEPLETED URANIUM:  URGE CANADA TO SUPPORT THE RESOLUTION

ACTION;  DEPLETED URANIUM SHOULD BE PROHIBITED UNDER THE PROTOCOL OF THE 1925 GENEVA CONVENTION

International Coalition to Ban Uranium Weapons (ICBUW) -

www.bandepleteduranium.org/en/legal-status

As weaponry and warfare have become more sophisticated, so their long-term effects have become more insidious and deadly. (Rosalee Bertell, Planet Earth: The Latest Weapon of War)

 

*4 CONVENTION ON CERTAIN CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS 1980)

The Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects as amended on 21 December 2001(CCW) is usually referred to as the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons. It is also known as the Inhumane Weapons Convention. 

 

4.1. CLUSTER BOMBS 

THE CONVENTION ON CLUSTER MUNITIONS (CCM 2008)

 

ACTION; URGE ALL STATES TO RATIFY THE LEGALLY BINDING INSTRUMENT AND ENACT THE NECESSARY LEGISLATION TO ENSURE COMPLIANCE

The Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) is an international treaty that addresses the humanitarian consequences and unacceptable harm to civilians caused by cluster munitions, through a categorical prohibition and a framework for action.

The Convention prohibits all use, production, transfer and stockpiling of cluster munitions.

 

4.2 LETHAL AUTONOMOUS WEAPONS SYSTEMS

The Group of Governmental Experts on lethal autonomous weapons systems will meet for one week in either April or August (depending on UN finances) and again on 13-17 November 2017. This is the bare minimum required to demonstrate credible progress in the process to discuss questions relating to these future weapons that would select and attack targets without meaningful human control.

 

4.3  GBU-43, known as "the mother of all bombs

 

ACTION; CALL FOR ALL STATES TO PARTICTPATE IN THE MEETING IN 2017 ONLETHAL AUTONOMOUS WEAPONS SYSTEMS LEADING TOWARDS THE BANNING OF THESE WEAPONS

http://www.stopkillerrobots.org/2016/12/formal-talks

 

4.3 DRONES

Do they fall under this convention?

*5 CONVENTION ON THE PROHIBITION OF THE USE,

STOCKPILING, PRODUCTION AND TRANSFER OF

ANTI-PERSONNEL MINES AND ON THEIR DESTRUCTION (1997)

 General obligations

         1. Each State Party undertakes never under any circumstances: 
            a) To use anti-personnel mines;

            b) To develop, produce, otherwise acquire, stockpile, retain or transfer to   anyone, directly or indirectly, anti-personnel mines

c) To assist, encourage or induce, in any way, anyone to engage in any activity prohibitedto a State Party under this Convention.

                 2. Each State Party undertakes to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti-personnel mines in accordance with the provisions of this Convention.

*6.ARMS TRADE TREATY (2013)

Article 6 Prohibitions 1. A State Party shall not authorize any transfer of conventional arms covered under Article 2 (1) or of items covered under Article 3 or Article 4, if the transfer 5 would violate its obligations under measures adopted by the United Nations Security Council acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, in particular arms embargoes. 2. A State Party shall not authorize any transfer of conventional arms covered under Article 2 (1) or of items covered under Article 3 or Article 4, if the transfer would violate its relevant international obligations under international agreements to which it is a Party, in particular those relating to the transfer of, or illicit trafficking in, conventional arms. 3. A State Party shall not authorize any transfer of conventional arms covered under Article 2 (1) or of items covered under Article 3 or Article 4, if it has knowledge at the time of authorization that the arms or items would be used in the commission of genocide, crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949, attacks directed against civilian objects or civilians protected as such, or other war crimes as defined by international agreements to which it is a Party.

 

URGE STRENGTHENING AND THEN RATIFYING OF THE TREATY

 

*7. INTERNATIONAL ARMS TRADE SHOWS

ACTION: CALL FOR THE END OF DEFENCE AND SECURITY TRADE SHOW

 

*8. ARMS AS PART OF AID OR THROUGH NGOS OR INSTITUTIONS

 

ACTION: URGE THE END TO THE USE OF AID  ETC. TO PROMOTE MILITARISM

 

*9.  WEAPONS IN SPACE

OUTER SPACE TREATY OF (1967)

Outer Space Treaty of 1967in force 1967

 

The exploration and use of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, shall be carried out for the benefit and in the interests of all countries, irrespective of their degree of economic or scientific development, and shall be the province of all mankind [humankind]....(Art. 1 Outer Space Treaty of 1967 in force 1967)

 

ACTION: CALL FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE TREATY

 

 

Last Updated on Wednesday, 19 April 2017 16:29
 

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