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Rio+20; Canada –the DELETER of key principles, and commitments PDF Print E-mail
Earth News
Posted by Joan Russow
Thursday, 02 February 2017 13:45

From Rio- Joan Russow Global Compliance Research Project

from archives (inadvertently delete in august 2012)

June 17 2012

 

rio de janeiro

 Rio+20: the host city of the UN's Earth Summit Photograph: Marcelo Sayao/EPA

After  doing an analysis of a document that preceded the June 13-15 \Prep Com for Rio+20, I found that Canada either alone, with members of JUSCANS*  was prominent in deleting key provisions. Enclosed is an outline of the sections proposed for deletion by Canada

 

 HIGHLIGHTED IN RED ARE THE SECTIONS DELETED BY CANADA

 

 

2.bis We acknowledge the need to further mainstream sustainable development at all levels through integrated approaches, incorporating economic, social and environmental aspects and recognizing their interlinkages, so as to achieve sustainable development in all its dimensions [, in accordance with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities. -G77; US, Canada, Japan, EU delete.]

 

 

 

41. Alt1  We acknowledge the importance of corporate sustainability reporting and encourage companies, where appropriate, especially publicly listed and large companies, to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle. We recognize the need for global best practices on sustainability reporting, and in this regard, we encourage industry, interested governments, as well as relevant stakeholders, [to launch a process - US, Canada delete] with the support of the UN system,to

 

41. Alt1  We acknowledge the importance of corporate sustainability reporting and encourage companies, where appropriate, especially publicly listed and large companies, to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle. We recognize the need for global best practices on sustainability reporting, and in this regard, we encourage industry, interested governments, as well as relevant stakeholders,[to launch a process - US, Canada delete]with the support of the UN system, to develop [a] model for best practice and facilitate action for the integration of sustainability reporting, building upon the experiences of already existing national and international reporting frameworks, such as the Global Reporting Initiative, and examine options for capacity building measures for developing countries. - US, Japan, Canada revert; G77 delete]

 

Biodiversity

 

Biodiversity 1. We reaffirm the intrinsic value of biological diversity, as well as the ecological, genetic, social, economic, scientific, educational, cultural, recreational and aesthetic values of biological diversity and its critical role in [maintaining ecosystem services which are critical foundations for –US, EU, Mexico, New Zealand; G77 delete] sustainable development and human well-being. We recognize the severity of global biodiversity loss and degradation of [ecosystem services / ecosystems] and emphasize that theseundermine global development, affecting food security and nutrition, provision of and[the right and –Holy See; US, Canada, EU delete] access to water, health of the rural poor and of people worldwide, including present and future generations.[This highlights the importance of managing biodiversity at landscape and seascape scales, enhancing habitat connectivity and building ecosystem resilience. –Australia, Mexico, Norway, EU; G77 reserve] We recognize that traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous peoples and local communities make an important contribution to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, [and their wider application –G77, US; New Zealand reserve] cansupport social well-being and sustainable livelihoods.We further recognize that indigenous peoples and local communities areoftenmost directly dependent on biodiversity and [ecosystems / ecosystem services] and thus are oftenmost immediately affected by their loss and degradation.

 

14.       We [also reaffirm that all the Principles contained in the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development / reaffirm the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development and all its principles - G77; US delete][in particular the Principle of CBDR and equity G77; US, Japan delete], will continue to guide the international community in the achievement of sustainable development and the future we want [and will serve as the basis for cooperation, coherence and implementation of agreed commitments, including in this outcome US, Japan, Canada delete;G77 retain].

16.       We recognize the importance of the three Rio Conventions to advancing sustainable development and in this regard we urge all parties to fully implement their commitments under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, [on the basis of equity and Canada, New Zealand; US delete; Japan reserves] [in accordance with [the principle of / their Canada, New Zealand; US delete; Japan reserves] common but differentiated responsibilities[and respective capabilities Canada, New Zealand; US delete; Japan reserves],-US, Japan, EU delete; G77, RoK, Norway retain] the Convention on Biological Diversity and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification [in accordance with their respective principles - New Zealand], to take effective and concrete actions and measures at all levels, and to enhance international cooperation.

19.       We acknowledge that since 1992 there have been areas of insufficient progress and setbacks in the integration of the three dimensions of sustainable development, aggravated by multiple financial, economic, food and energy crises, which have threatened the ability of all countries, in particular developing countries, to achieve sustainable development [and in this regard it is critical that we observe the principle of non-regression. G77; US, EU, Canada, Japan, Switzerland delete]

 

[24 bis We acknowledge that climate change is a cross-cutting and persistent crisis and express our concern that the scale and gravity of the negative impacts of climate change [affect all countries EU; G77 delete] and undermine the ability of [particularly the most vulnerable EU; G77 delete] developing countries to achieve sustainable development and the MDGs and for some threaten the territorial integrity and their existence and viability as countries. [Therefore we underscore that combating climate change requires urgent and ambitious action and the widest possible cooperation among all countries ; US, Canada, Japan delete]

24 ter We express deep concern on the imposition of laws and other forms of coercive economic measures, including unilateral sanctions, against developing countries, which undermine international law and the rules of the WTO and also severely threaten freedom of trade and investment, and in this regard urge States to refrain from enacting and implementing such measures that hamper the full achievement of sustainable development, as well as trade in developing countries - G77, Belarus; US, Canada delete; EU, Australia reserve]

 

[24. quat We reaffirm the need to take further effective measures to remove obstacles to the realization of the right of peoples to self-determination, in particular peoples living under colonial and foreign occupation, which continue to adversely affect their economic and social development as well as their environment and are incompatible with the dignity and worth of the human person and must be combated and eliminated. People under foreign occupation must be protected in accordance with the provisions of international humanitarian law. G77; Canada, US, Japan delete; EU reserve]

[24. quint We also reaffirm that in accordance with the Declaration on the Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, this shall not be construed as authorizing or encouraging any action which would dismember or impair, totally or in part, the territorial integrity or political unity of sovereign and independent States conducting themselves in compliance with the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples and thus possessed of a Government representing the whole people belonging to the territory without distinction of any kind. G77; US, Canada, Azerbaijan, Japan delete; EU reserve]

[33. We recognize that the planet Earth and its ecosystem[s US] are our home and that Mother Earth is a common expression in a number of countries and regions [and that some countries recognize its rights in the context of the promotion of sustainable development]. We are convinced that in order to achieve a just balance among the economic, social and environment needs of present and future generations, it is necessary to promote harmony with nature. - Canada, US, Holy See delete;EU, Japan revert]

 

[41. Alt1  We acknowledge the importance of corporate sustainability reporting and encourage companies, where appropriate, especially publicly listed and large companies, to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle. We recognize the need for global best practices on sustainability reporting, and in this regard, we encourage industry, interested governments, as well as relevant stakeholders, [to launch a process - US, Canada delete]with the support of the UN system, to develop [a] model for best practice and facilitate action for the integration of sustainability reporting, building upon the experiences of already existing national and international reporting frameworks, such as the Global Reporting Initiative, and examine options for capacity building measures for developing countries. - US, Japan, Canada revert; G77 delete]

 

 

[We recognize that immediate measures to reform and strengthen international environmental governance are required in order to adequately respond to the immediate and emerging challenges of the implementation of sustainable development. - Mexico]

 

 

89. We [call /invite – US] on the governing bodies of the funds, programmes and specialized agencies of the UN development system to consider appropriate measures for integrating the social, economic and environmental dimensions across the UN System’s operational activities. We also emphasize that [increasing the financial contributions to / effective management of resources within - US] the United Nations development system [in particular core resources, because of their untied nature –G77, Mexico; US delete]  is [key / an important means – US] to achieving the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals, and in this regard we recognize the mutually reinforcing links among increased effectiveness, efficiency and coherence of the United Nations development system,achieving concrete results in assisting developing countries in eradicating poverty and achieving sustained economic growth and sustainable development. [In this context, we note the importance of the quadrennial comprehensive policy review (QCPR).-G77, Canada, US delete; Russian Federation retain] – EU, Mexico, US support Chair’s text

 

 

 

 

Energy 4.  [We recognize the importance of improving energy efficiency and increasing the share of renewable energy. -EU] We also recognize the importance of cleaner and energy-efficient technologies in addressing climate change [and in achieving the objective of limiting the[increase in –EU] global average temperature[increase/ below 2 degree Celsius above pre-industrial levels –EU, Norway; US delete] [taking into account the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and [historical responsibilities / and respective capabilities –Canada]  -G77; US delete] - Russian Federation delete]. We also recognize the need for energy efficiency measures in urban planning, buildings, and transportation, and in the production of goods and services and in the design of products. We also recognize the importance of promoting incentives in favour of, and removing disincentives to, energy efficiency and the diversification of the energy mix, including promoting [technology –US delete] research and development in [all countries, including –EU, Belarus] developing countries.

 

[Trade 9. We commit to take action, [where appropriate, - Australia, New Zealand delete] to [[phase out / get substantial reductions of –Canada, Japan, Norway] subsidies [that are market distorting [and / or –New Zealand] / that could – Canada, Japan] inhibit / gradually eliminate environmentally harmful subsidies that are incompatible with –EU; G77 delete] sustainable development, [taking into account the [specific conditions and – Australia delete] different levels of development of individual countries –EU delete]. We affirm the need for accompanying targeted measures to protect the poor and vulnerable groups. [We call on the WTO and UNCTAD to continue to monitor the situation within their respective mandates and in cooperation with UNEP and other relevant international organizations to assess progress in this endeavour. – EU; Canada reserve] –US, G77 delete; Australia, Japan, Norway reserve; New Zealand retain; Switzerland, Mexico retain original language]

 

Health 8.  We [remain committed to the full implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development, the key actions for further implementation of the Programme of Action and the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, and – Holy See delete] intend to pay special attention to gender equality and women’s empowerment [, and sexual and reproductive health – Holy See delete]. [US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland retain original formulation] (G77 streamline with para 9)

 

Health 9. We commit to reduce maternal and child mortality, and to improve the health of women, adolescents and children. We reaffirm our commitment to gender equality and to protect the human rights of women, men [and adolescents – Holy See  delete] to have control over and decide freely and responsibly on matters related to their sexuality, [including sexual and reproductive health – Holy See delete], free from coercion, discrimination and violence. We will work actively to ensure that health systems provide the necessary information and health [care – Holy See] services addressing the [sexual and reproductive – Holy See  delete] needs of women [giving particular attention to maternal and emergency obstetric care – Holy See] [and their reproductive [rights/ health -G77], including ensuring universal access to safe, effective, affordable and acceptable modern methods of family planning, as this is essential for women’s health and human rights and advancing gender equality – Holy See delete]. [US, Canada, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland, New Zealand retain original formulation] (G77 streamline with para 8)

 

Jobs 10.  We acknowledge the important nexus between international migration and development and in this regard we call upon States to promote and protect the human rights [and fundamental freedoms of all migrants, regardless of their migration status - G77 to revert], especially those of women and children, taking into account their economic and social circumstances. We further recognize the importance of renewing the political will to act cooperatively and constructively in addressing international migration and to address international migration through international, regional or bilateral cooperation and dialogue. [US, delete paragraph; Mexico, Holy See: retain; G77, Canada: reserve]

 

Transport 2.  We support the development of sustainable transport systems, including energy efficient multi-modal transport systems, notably public mass transportation systems, clean fuels and vehicles, as well as improved transportation systems in rural areas. We recognize the need to promote an integrated approach to policy-making at the national, regional and local levels for transport services and systems to promote sustainable development. We also recognize that the special development needs of landlocked and transit developing countries need to be taken into account while establishing [sustainable transport systems for transit – EU, Australia; G77 to confirm] [and international support for developing countries to achieve sustainable transport – G77; EU, US, Canada delete].

 

 

***Transport 2.  We support the development of sustainable transport systems, including energy efficient multi-modal transport systems, notably public mass transportation systems, clean fuels and vehicles, as well as improved transportation systems in rural areas. We recognize the need to promote an integrated approach to policy-making at the national, regional and local levels for transport services and systems to promote sustainable development. We also recognize that the special development needs of landlocked and transit developing countries need to be taken into account while establishing [sustainable transport systems for transit – EU, Australia; G77 to confirm][and international support for developing countries to achieve sustainable transport – G77; EU, US, Canada delete].

 

Health 8.  We [remain committed to the full implementation of the Programme of Action of the

 

US, Canada, EU reserve on the following sub sections and paragraphs

 

LLDCs – as of 2 June (1:00 pm)

 

Stand alone section if retained – not to be considered under “regions”

 

LLDC1. We encourage the international community to speed up further the implementation of the specific actions in the five priorities agreed upon in the Almaty Programme of Action and those contained  in the Declaration on the midterm review, in a better-coordinated manner, in particular for the construction, maintenance and improvement of their transport, storage and other transit-related facilities, including alternative routes, completion of missing links and improved communications and energy infrastructure, so as to support these countries' sustainable development.  – G77; US, EU reserve]

 

Africa– as of 2 June (1:00 pm)

 

Stand alone section if retained – not to be considered under “regions”

 

Africa1.While we acknowledge that some progress has been made towards the fulfillment of international commitments related to Africa’s development needs, we emphasize that sustainable development still remains elusive in the continent. - G77; EU, US reserve]

 

Africa2.We express our deep concerns that previously agreed commitments related to Africa’s development needs have not been fulfilled. We commit to addressing the special development needs of Africa through accelerated provision of financial resources, technology transfer and capacity building in order to achieve sustainable development.  To this end, we call for the mobilization of financial resources through public and private means, including support towards the implementation of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), which is a framework for sustainable development on the continent to be shared by all Africa’s people, as well as other established regional and sub-regional efforts, including through:

 

a) Providing financing, technical cooperation and institutional cooperation and human and institutional capacity - building at the regional, subregional and national levels, consistent with national priorities and policies

b) Promoting technology development, transfer and diffusion to Africa and further develop technology and knowledge available in African centres of excellence;

c) Supporting African countries in developing effective science and technology institutions and research activities capable of developing and adapting to world class technologies;

d) Supporting the development of national programmes and strategies to promote education within the context of nationally owned and led strategies for poverty reduction and strengthening research institutions in education in order to increase the capacity to fully support the achievement of internationally agreed development goals related to education, including MDGs;

e) Enhancing the industrial productivity, diversity and competitiveness of African countries through a combination of financial and technological support for the development of key infrastructure, access to technology, networking of research centres, adding value to export products, skills development and enhancing market access in support of sustainable development.  - G77; US, EU reserve]

 

Africa3.We call further on the international community to enhance support and fulfill commitments to advance action in areas critical to Africa’s sustainable development, including: improving agricultural productivity and food security; promoting research and development and the use of biotechnology for sustainable development; combating desertification and land degradation; achieving sound management of coastal, marine and lacustrine ecosystems; enhancing sustainable use of natural resources, including freshwater, forests and biodiversity; promoting sustainable consumption and production and sustainable industrial development; ensuring the sound management of chemicals and waste; promoting sustainable tourism; ensuring access to secure and sustainable energy; achieving sustainable exploitation of mineral resources; enhancing access to safe drinking water and sanitation; promoting sustainable urban development; strengthening disaster risk preparedness and reduction; achieving inclusive and equitable growth; and furthering progress made in health and education. –G77; US, EU reserve]

 

Climate change [agreed ad ref]

 

Climate 1. We reiterate that countries should protect the climate system for the benefit of present and future generations of humankind [, consistent with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities –G77; EU requests clarification; US, Japan, Canada, New Zealand, Switzerland delete]. We reaffirm that climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time, and we express profound alarm that emissions of greenhouse gases continue to rise globally. We are deeply concerned that all countries, particularly developing countries, [especially LDCs, SIDS and Africa, -G77, Mexico, US delete; EU, ROK, Canada retain] [that –US] are [especially –US] vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change, and are already experiencing increased impacts including persistent drought and extreme weather events, sea level rise, coastal erosion and ocean acidification[, further threatening food security and efforts to eradicate poverty, [to achieve sustainable development and to –EU] advance gender equality [, noting the disproportionate impact on women –EU; Iceland, Norway delete] and achieve sustainable development. / which may present additional challenges to achieving sustainable development – US]

 

Climate 2. [Consistent with the provisions of the UNFCCC, -G77; EU, US delete] We underscore that [combating /  addressing –Russian Federation] climate change requires urgent action and the widest possible cooperation of all countries[, in accordance with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities – US, Japan, New Zealand delete]. In this regard, we express our commitment to an effective and appropriate international response. [We stress that a significant gap in mitigation [and adaptation –G77, ROK] efforts remains to be [closed in order to hold / minimized with a view to holding –US] the increase in global mean temperature below 2 degrees [or 1.5 degrees – G77] Celsius above pre-industrial levels. – Russian Federation, Japan delete] [We acknowledge that there is a gap between the aggregate level of reduction in emissions of greenhouse gases to be achieved through global mitigation efforts and the reduction needed as part of the global effort to achieve the range indicated in the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. –Japan] [We welcome the outcomes of / We agree to build on the progress achieved at  -G77; Canada, New Zealand retain] [COP-17/CMP 7 – Mexico delete] achieved at Durban, and will intensify our efforts towards the timely implementation of all the decisions adopted at those meetings.

 

Climate 3. We recognize the importance of mobilizing [predictable –US delete] funding from a variety of sources, public and private, bilateral and multilateral, including innovative sources of finance [consistent with the provisions of the UNFCCC –G77], to support [nationally appropriate –Norway delete] mitigation actions and adaptation measures, technology transfer [on mutually agreed terms –Canada] and capacity-building in developing countries. In this regard, we welcome the [designation and –Mexico delete] launching of the Green Climate Fund [at COP-17/CMP-7 as an operating entity of the financial mechanism of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. [We also – Mexico delete] [, call for its prompt operationalization and –Mexico, Norway, Switzerland] encourage [developed countries / Parties –Norway; G77 retain] [and other countries in a position to do so –Japan, New Zealand, Switzerland] to make financial contributions for the expeditious operationalization of the Green Climate Fund [in accordance with para 9 decision 3 of COP 17 – Japan]. –US, Canada delete]

 

[Climate 4. We highlight the need to better understand and address cross-cutting issues and interlinkages, including those among water, energy, food, health, [ecosystems /  biodiversity –Switzerland] and climate change. [In this regard, we welcome initiatives and partnerships aimed at achieving synergies and minimizing conflicts among policy objectives, including through the utilization of science-based climate monitoring and information. -US delete] –G77 delete para; EU, ROK, Norway move to beginning of Section V. A. after chapeau]

 

[Climate 4 bis. We recognize that short-lived climate pollutants are responsible for a significant fraction of current climate forcing, as well as serious public health problems and damage to crops. We applaud the efforts being made by the Climate Clean Air Coalition to reduce short-lived climate pollutants, and urge countries and the private sector to take immediate actions to reduce emissions of these substances. –US, Canada, Norway; G77, Switzerland delete]

Chemicals and waste [agreed ad ref]

 

Note: EU suggests that it would be easier to understand this text if the paragraph order was change to 1, 6, 3, 8, 2, 4, 10, 11, New 5, 9. Para. 7 and 12 have been merged with 6 and 9 respectively.  

 

Consistency required in referring to “throughout their life- cycle”.

 

Chemicals 1. We recognize that sound management of chemicals is crucial for the protection of human health and the environment. We further recognize that growing global production and use of chemicals and prevalence in the environment calls for increased international cooperation. We reaffirm our aim to achieve by 2020 sound management of chemicals throughout their life cycle and of hazardous waste in ways that lead to minimization of significant adverse effects on human health and the environment, as set out in the JPOI. We also reaffirm our commitment to an approach for the sound management of chemicals and waste at all levels that responds in an effective, efficient, coherent and coordinated manner to new and emerging issues and challenges, and encourage further progress across countries and regions in order to fill the gaps in implementation of commitments. [agreed ad ref]

 

Chemicals 2. We call for the effective implementation and strengthening of the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM) towards a robust, coherent, effective and efficient [system/ framework/ regime] for the sound management of chemicals throughout their life cycle including to respond to emerging challenges. [An integrated approach to sustainable and adequate long-term funding is a key element [to assist countries, in particular developing countries with the implementation of - Switzerland delete] [for the – Switzerland] sound management of chemicals and waste. – G77; US, EU, Canada delete]

 

 

Biodiversity

 

Biodiversity 1. We reaffirm the intrinsic value of biological diversity, as well as the ecological, genetic, social, economic, scientific, educational, cultural, recreational and aesthetic values of biological diversity and its critical role in [maintaining ecosystem services which are critical foundations for –US, EU, Mexico, New Zealand; G77 delete] sustainable development and human well-being. We recognize the severity of global biodiversity loss and degradation of [ecosystem services / ecosystems] and emphasize that theseundermine global development, affecting food security and nutrition, provision of and[the right and –Holy See; US, Canada, EU delete] access to water, health of the rural poor and of people worldwide, including present and future generations. [This highlights the importance of managing biodiversity at landscape and seascape scales, enhancing habitat connectivity and building ecosystem resilience. –Australia, Mexico, Norway, EU; G77 reserve] We recognize that traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous peoples and local communities make an important contribution to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, [and their wider application –G77, US; New Zealand reserve] cansupport social well-being and sustainable livelihoods.We further recognize that indigenous peoples and local communities areoftenmost directly dependent on biodiversity and [ecosystems / ecosystem services] and thus are oftenmost immediately affected by their loss and degradation.

 

Biodiversity 2. We reiterate our commitment to the achievement of the three objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity and call for urgent actions that effectively reduce the rate of, halt and reverse the loss of biodiversity. In this context, we affirm the importance of implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 [, and its / and commit to urgent action to ensure the achievement by 2020 of the –EU, Switzerland; Japan, US, Norway, Canada, G77 retain] Aichi Biodiversity Targets adopted at the 10th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention.

 

Biodiversity 3. We note the adoption of the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from Their Utilization, and we invite parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity to ratify or accede to the Protocol, so as to ensure its entry into force at the earliest possible opportunity. We acknowledge the role of access and benefit-sharing [related to/ arising out of any form of utilization of –G77; US, EU, Canada delete]genetic resources in contributing to the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, poverty eradication and environmental sustainability.

 

[Biodiversity 3.bis. We stress the importance of developing the [necessary legislative, administrative or policy –G77 delete] measures [and arrangements –G77], as appropriate, to implement the rights of countries of origin of genetic resources or countries providing genetic resources, as defined in the Convention on Biological Diversity, particularly developing countries, to participate in the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge as well as any subsequent application and commercial utilization of products derived from such resources through the fair and equitable sharing of benefits [and appropriate transfer of technology –G77]. –Canada, Japan, EU, Australia, New Zealand, US delete] (moved from Biodiversity 7)

 

Biodiversity 4. We [welcome -EU / note the adoption of –US] the Strategy for Resource Mobilization in support of the achievement of the Convention on Biological Diversity's three objectives, including the commitment to substantially increasingresources from all sources in support of biodiversity[, in particular for developing countries –New Zealand, EU, Japan, US delete; G77 retain] [in accordance with the process consolidated and agreed in Nagoya –EU, New Zealand, US].

 

D. Trade [agreed ad ref]

 

- G77 streamline section into 1 or 2 paras: refer to flexibilities provided for in WTO rules; resisting protectionist measures; high-level support to the conclusion of the Doha trade development agenda; special and differential treatment; focus on capacity building; recognize that trade is an engine for sustained economic growth and development.

 

 

Trade 3. We [urge the members of the WTO to / resolve to – EU, Canada, Norway] redouble [their / our –EU, Canada, Norway] efforts to achieve an ambitious, balanced, and development-oriented conclusion to the Doha Development Agenda taking into account the central importance of the development dimension in every aspect of the Doha Development Agenda work programme and its commitment to making the development dimension a meaningful reality. We further call for the full implementation of the 2005 WTO Hong Kong Ministerial Declaration.

 

 

 

[Trade 6. We recognize the need to mobilize adequate and predictable funding for Aid for Trade, including through the Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-related Technical Assistance to Least Developed Countries. We also recognize the [need for / importance of supporting –EU] additional measures to support the supply and export capacities of developing countries, in particular the LDCs.   –Canada reserve]

 

 

 

[Trade 8. We acknowledge the need to [continue / increase our efforts in the – EU, Canada, Australia]

 

[Technology 7. We agree to explore the possibility to establish a global fund for voluntary contributions by States, civil society and the private sector, to facilitate [voluntary -US, Japan] transfer of environmentally sound technologies [on mutually agreed terms and conditions -US, Japan] [and knowledge sharing -US]. EU, Canada, Switzerland delete; Australia reserve]

 

[Technology 4. We note that consideration must be given to the role of patent protection and intellectual property rights along with an examination of their impact on the access to and transfer of environmentally sound technology, in particular to developing countries, as well as to further exploring efficiently the concept of assured access for developing countries to environmentally sound technology in its relation to proprietary rights with a view to developing effective responses to the needs of developing countries in this area. – US, EU, Japan, Canada, Australia, Switzerland delete]

 

[Technology 5. [[We request the competent fora in the UN system to identify options for an appropriate mechanism to facilitate clean technology dissemination to developing countries, consistent with existing patent protection systems and invite the Secretary-General to report to UNGA67 on the options./ We resolve to establish an international mechanism under the General Assembly in order to promote implement, and monitor concrete actions, supported by stable, adequate and predictable financial contributions and focused on bridging the technological gap between the developed and developing countries and facilitating transfer of technology in sustainable development and strengthening national capacities, scientific understanding and technological evaluation in the developing countries –G77]  In this regard, we / We Switzerland]note that the UNFCCC technology mechanism, as agreed in Cancun and Durban, and in particular the ongoing implementation of the new global Climate Technology Center and Network, is a highly relevant model for [facilitating -Switzerland / replicating –G77] the development and [voluntary -EU] transfer of sustainable technologies to address the technological needs of developing countries. –US, Japan, Canada delete]

 

[Technology 7. We agree to explore the possibility to establish a global fund for voluntary contributions by States, civil society and the private sector, to facilitate [voluntary -US, Japan] transfer of environmentally sound technologies [on mutually agreed terms and conditions -US, Japan] [and knowledge sharing -US]. EU, Canada, Switzerland delete; Australia reserve]

 

[Technology 4. We note that consideration must be given to the role of patent protection and intellectual property rights along with an examination of their impact on the access to and transfer of environmentally sound technology, in particular to developing countries, as well as to further exploring efficiently the concept of assured access for developing countries to environmentally sound technology in its relation to proprietary rights with a view to developing effective responses to the needs of developing countries in this area. – US, EU, Japan, Canada, Australia, Switzerland delete]

 

Technology 2. We underline the need for enabling environments for the development, adaptation, and [voluntary -US, Japan, Canada] [dissemination / transfer of –G77] of [sustainable / environmentally sound Australia] technologies [on mutually agreed terms and conditions -US, Japan, Canada].In this context, we [underscore / note –G77] the role of foreign direct investment and international trade in the transfer of [some -US, Canada; EU G77 delete] environmentally sound technologies.We [support strengthening / engage in our countries as well as through – Switzerland] international cooperation to promote [investment in science, innovation, and technology for sustainable development /such enabling environments –Switzerland].

 

Finance 1 ter. We recognize that for significant international financing to give strong support to the various commitments made in the outcomes of Rio+20, the developed countries agreed to provide new and additional resources exceeding US 30 billion per year from 2013-17 to the developing countries in their efforts toward promotion of sustainable development. –G77; Canada delete]

 

[Finance 1 quat. l

 

[Finance 3 alt. The fulfilment of all ODA commitments is crucial, including the commitments by many developed countries to achieve the target of 0.7 per cent of GNP for ODA to developing countries by 2015 and to reach the level of at least 0.5 per cent of GNP for ODA by 2010, as well as a target of 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of GNP for ODA to least developed countries. To reach their agreed timetables, donor countries should take all necessary and appropriate measures to raise the rate of aid disbursements to meet their existing commitments. We urge those developed countries that have not yet done so to make additional concrete efforts towards the target of 0.7 per cent of GNP for ODA to developing countries, including the specific target of 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of GNP for ODA to least developed countries in line with the Brussels Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries for the Decade 2001-2010, in accordance with their commitments. To build on progress achieved in ensuring that ODA is used effectively, we stress the importance of democratic governance, improved transparency and accountability, and managing for results. We strongly encourage all donors to establish, as soon as possible, rolling indicative timetables that illustrate how they aim to reach their goals, in accordance with their respective budget allocation process. We stress the importance of mobilizing greater domestic support in developed countries towards the fulfilment of their commitments, including through raising public awareness, and by providing data on aid effectiveness and demonstrating tangible results. –G77; Canada delete (Doha 43)]

Technology 2. We underline the need for enabling environments for the development, adaptation, and [voluntary -US, Japan, Canada] [dissemination / transfer of –G77] of [sustainable / environmentally sound Australia] technologies [on mutually agreed terms and conditions -US, Japan, Canada]. In this context, we [underscore / note –G77] the role of foreign direct investment and international trade in the transfer of [some -US, Canada; EU G77 delete] environmentally sound technologies.We [support strengthening / engage in our countries as well as through – Switzerland] international cooperation to promote [investment in science, innovation, and technology for sustainable development /such enabling environments –Switzerland].

 

Technology 3. We recognize the importance of strengthened national, scientific and technological capacities [including in developing countries – Australia] [. / for sustainable development, which can help – EU] [Developing countries [should be enabled- EU delete] to develop their own [new / innovative solutions for sustainable development, including developed -EU] and environmentally sound technologies [[and scientific research- US] with the support of the international community -EU delete]. – Australia delete] To this end, we support building science and technology capacity [with both women and men as contributors and beneficiaries –Iceland], including through collaboration among research institutions, universities, the private sector, governments, non-governmental organizations, and scientists [of developing and developed countries -Australia delete].

 

[Technology 4. We note that consideration must be given to the role of patent protection and intellectual property rights along with an examination of their impact on the access to and transfer of environmentally sound technology, in particular to developing countries, as well as to further exploring efficiently the concept of assured access for developing countries to environmentally sound technology in its relation to proprietary rights with a view to developing effective responses to the needs of developing countries in this area. – US, EU, Japan, Canada, Australia, Switzerland delete]

 

[Technology 5. [[We request the competent fora in the UN system to identify options for an appropriate mechanism to facilitate clean technology dissemination to developing countries, consistent with existing patent protection systems and invite the Secretary-General to report to UNGA67 on the options./ We resolve to establish an international mechanism under the General Assembly in order to promote implement, and monitor concrete actions, supported by stable, adequate and predictable financial contributions and focused on bridging the technological gap between the developed and developing countries and facilitating transfer of technology in sustainable development and strengthening national capacities, scientific understanding and technological evaluation in the developing countries –G77]  In this regard, we / We Switzerland]note that the UNFCCC technology mechanism, as agreed in Cancun and Durban, and in particular the ongoing implementation of the new global Climate Technology Center and Network, is a highly relevant model for [facilitating -Switzerland / replicating –G77] the development and [voluntary -EU] transfer of sustainable technologies to address the technological needs of developing countries. –US, Japan, Canada delete]

 

Technology 2. We underline the need for enabling environments for the development, adaptation, and [voluntary -US, Japan, Canada] [dissemination / transfer of –G77]

[Technology 4. We note that consideration must be given to the role of patent protection and intellectual property rights along with an examination of their impact on the access to and transfer of environmentally sound technology, in particular to developing countries, as well as to further exploring efficiently the concept of assured access for developing countries to environmentally sound technology in its relation to proprietary rights with a view to developing effective responses to the needs of developing countries in this area. – US, EU, Japan, Canada, Australia, Switzerland delete]

 

[Technology 5. [[We request the competent fora in the UN system to identify options for an appropriate mechanism to facilitate clean technology dissemination to developing countries, consistent with existing patent protection systems and invite the Secretary-General to report to UNGA67 on the options./ We resolve to establish an international mechanism under the General Assembly in order to promote implement, and monitor concrete actions, supported by stable, adequate and predictable financial contributions and focused on bridging the technological gap between the developed and developing countries and facilitating transfer of technology in sustainable development and strengthening national capacities, scientific understanding and technological evaluation in the developing countries –G77]  In this regard, we / We Switzerland] note that the UNFCCC technology mechanism, as agreed in Cancun and Durban, and in particular the ongoing implementation of the new global Climate Technology Center and Network, is a highly relevant model for [facilitating -Switzerland / replicating –G77] the development and [voluntary -EU] transfer of sustainable technologies to address the technological needs of developing countries. –US, Japan, Canada delete]

 

Technology 7. We agree to explore the possibility to establish a global fund for voluntary contributions by States, civil society and the private sector, to facilitate [voluntary -US, Japan] transfer of environmentally sound technologies [on mutually agreed terms and conditions -US, Japan] [and knowledge sharing -US]. EU, Canada, Switzerland delete; Australiareserve]

 

 

NOTE: QUESTIONABLE NEGOTIATING PROCESS GIVING MORE VOICE TO JUSCANS

the negotiating process at the un is bizarre. there is one group; Japan us Canada Australia and New Zealand (affectionately called JUSCANZ or sometimes ``umbrella`# group

 

The second group is the EU which comprises all the European Countries except Norway and

 

The Third group is the G77 which represents over 130 developing countries plus China and speak with one voice

 

In the negotiations, the us

US Canada and Australia, Japan even though they are in one group will speak with separate voices ; the G77 has a rotating chair and speaks with one voice as does the EU.

 

 

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