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CANSEC 2016– warfare exhibit in Ottawa : Ottawa defies international law- Warmongers on Display“ PDF Print E-mail
Peace News
Posted by Joan Russow
Wednesday, 25 May 2016 08:06

CANSEC is Canada's Global Defence and Security Tradeshow, a 2 day event, from 25th May to the 26th May 2016 at the EY Centre in Ottawa, Canada.

 

- Joan Russow (PhD)

Global Compliance Research Project

 

 

“The two-day trade show will be held on May 25-26, 2015, with the business development program extended to a third day, May 30th. CANSEC 2015 will also feature over 53 new exhibit booths, bringing the total number of booths to over 695. Come and join the projected 11,000 registrants and over 30 international delegations and embassies at CANSEC 2016”

 

Yet again Ottawa is defying international law in hosting CANSEC:

 

In 1976 at Habitat 1, a UN conference in Vancouver member states of the United Nations affirmed the following in relation to the military budgets and ARMAMENTS:

 

"The waste and misuse of resources in war and armaments should be prevented. All countries should make a firm commitment to promote general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control, in particular in the field of nuclear disarmament. Part of the resources thus released should be utilized so as to achieve a better quality of life for humanity and particularly for the peoples of developing countries" (II, 12 Habitat 1).

 

This commitment was continually reinforced over the years through various resolutions at the UN General Assembly and in 1992, at the UN Conference on the Environment Development All members states of the UN made a commitment to reallocate military expenses.

 

There have been 33 years of procrastination and now the current global military budget is over 1.4 Trillion, and AN increasing, amount is being spent on ARMAMENTS

 

If we want to reduce the production of armaments we must call for substantial reduction of the military budgets

 

War machine arsenals EXHIBITION are continuing to occur with impunity and INCREASING perfidy

 

While governments over the years through various Geneva Protocols and other conventions have incurred obligations related to armaments, corporations through sympathetic governments have continued to produce weapons systems that violate government obligations.

 

 

For example

Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977.

 

IN 1977 ESTABLISH BASIC RULES RELATED TO ARMAMENTS

 

 

Establish Art 35. Basic rules

1. In any armed conflict, the right of the Parties to the conflict to choose methods or means of warfare is not unlimited.

2. It is prohibited to employ weapons, projectiles and material and methods of warfare of a nature to cause superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering.

AND
3. It is prohibited to employ methods or means of warfare, which are intended, or may be expected, to cause widespread, long-term and severe damage to the natural environment.


Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977.

These provisions, if enforced, would end the production of armaments and close down this exhibition:

 

Also in the additional Geneva protocol there are imposed limitations on the development of new weapons. Under Article 36, which reads.

 

Art 36. New weapons


In the study, development, acquisition or adoption of a new weapons, means or method of warfare, a High Contracting Party GOVERNMENTS ARE under an obligation to determine whether its employment would, in some or all circumstances, be prohibited by this Protocol or by any other rule of international law applicable to the High Contracting Party.

 

 

Article 37 [ Link ] -- Prohibition of perfidy

1. It is prohibited to kill, injure or capture an adversary by resort to perfidy. Acts inviting the confidence of an adversary to lead him to believe that he is entitled to, or is obliged to accord, protection under the rules of international law applicable in armed conflict, with intent to betray that confidence, shall constitute perfidy. The following acts are examples of perfidy:

(a) the feigning of an intent to negotiate under a flag of truce or of a surrender;

(b) the feigning of an incapacitation by wounds or sickness;

(c) the feigning of civilian, non-combatant status; and

(d) the feigning of protected status by the use of signs, emblems or uniforms of the United Nations or of neutral or other States not Parties to the conflict.

2. Ruses of war are not prohibited. Such ruses are acts which are intended to mislead an adversary or to induce him to act recklessly but which infringe no rule of international law applicable in armed conflict and which are not perfidious because they do not invite the confidence of an adversary with respect to protection under that law. The following are examples of such ruses: the use of camouflage, decoys, mock operations and misinformation.

 

United States of America


VICTIMS OF ARMED CONFLICTS

Hague Convention on Hospital Ships, 1904

Ratification / Accession: 26.03.1907

Hague Convention (XI) on Restrictions of the Right of Capture, 1907

Ratification / Accession: 27.11.1909

Final Act of the Geneva Conference, 1949

Signature: 12.08.1949

Geneva Conventions, 1949

Ratification / Accession: 02.08.1955
Reservation / Declaration: 02.08.1955;04.03.1975;31.12.1974

Final Act of the Diplomatic Geneva Conference, 1974-1977

Signature: 10.06.1977

Additional Protocol (I) to the Geneva Conventions, 1977

Signature: 12.12.1977

Additional Protocol (II) to the Geneva Conventions, 1977

Signature: 12.12.1977

Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989

Signature: 16.02.1995

Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict, 2000

Ratification / Accession: 23.12.2002
Reservation / Declaration: 23.12.2002

Additional Protocol (III) to the Geneva Conventions, 2005

Ratification / Accession: 08.03.2007


METHODS AND MEANS OF WARFARE

Hague Convention (II) on the Laws and Customs of War on Land, 1899

Ratification / Accession: 09.04.1902

Hague Convention (IV) on War on Land and its Annexed Regulations, 1907

Ratification / Accession: 27.11.1909

Hague Declaration (XIV) on Explosives from Balloons, 1907

Ratification / Accession: 27.11.1909

Geneva Protocol on Asphyxiating or Poisonous Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods, 1925

Ratification / Accession: 10.04.1975
Reservation / Declaration: 10.04.1975

Convention on the Prohibition of Biological Weapons, 1972

Ratification / Accession: 26.03.1975

Convention prohibiting Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW), 1980

Ratification / Accession: 24.03.1995
Reservation / Declaration: 24.03.1995

CCW Protocol (I) on Non-Detectable Fragments, 1980

Ratification / Accession: 24.03.1995
Reservation / Declaration: 24.03.1995

CCW Protocol (II) prohibiting Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices, 1980

Ratification / Accession: 24.03.1995
Reservation / Declaration: 24.03.1995

CCW Protocol (III) prohibiting Incendiary Weapons, 1980

Ratification / Accession: 21.01.2009
Reservation / Declaration: 21.01.2009

Convention prohibiting Chemical Weapons, 1993

Ratification / Accession: 25.04.1997
Reservation / Declaration: 25.04.1997

CCW Protocol (IV) on Blinding Laser Weapons, 1995

Ratification / Accession: 21.01.2009
Reservation / Declaration: 21.01.2009

CCW Protocol (II) prohibiting Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices, amended, 1996

Ratification / Accession: 24.05.1999
Reservation / Declaration: 24.05.1999

Convention prohibiting Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW ), amended Article 1, 2001

Ratification / Accession: 21.01.2009

CCW Protocol (V) on Explosive Remnants of War, 2003

Ratification / Accession: 21.01.2009
Reservation / Declaration: 21.01.2009

 

VICTIMS OF ARMED CONFLICTS

Hague Convention on Hospital Ships, 1904

Ratification / Accession: 26.03.1907

Hague Convention (XI) on Restrictions of the Right of Capture, 1907

Ratification / Accession: 27.11.1909

Final Act of the Geneva Conference, 1949

Signature: 12.08.1949

Geneva Conventions, 1949

Ratification / Accession: 02.08.1955
Reservation / Declaration: 02.08.1955;04.03.1975;31.12.1974

Final Act of the Diplomatic Geneva Conference, 1974-1977

Signature: 10.06.1977

Additional Protocol (I) to the Geneva Conventions, 1977

Signature: 12.12.1977

Additional Protocol (II) to the Geneva Conventions, 1977

Signature: 12.12.1977

Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989

Signature: 16.02.1995

Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict, 2000

Ratification / Accession: 23.12.2002
Reservation / Declaration: 23.12.2002

Additional Protocol (III) to the Geneva Conventions, 2005

Ratification / Accession: 08.03.2007


METHODS AND MEANS OF WARFARE

Hague Convention (II) on the Laws and Customs of War on Land, 1899

Ratification / Accession: 09.04.1902

Hague Convention (IV) on War on Land and its Annexed Regulations, 1907

Ratification / Accession: 27.11.1909

Hague Declaration (XIV) on Explosives from Balloons, 1907

Ratification / Accession: 27.11.1909

Geneva Protocol on Asphyxiating or Poisonous Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods, 1925

Ratification / Accession: 10.04.1975
Reservation / Declaration: 10.04.1975

Convention on the Prohibition of Biological Weapons, 1972

Ratification / Accession: 26.03.1975

Convention prohibiting Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW), 1980

Ratification / Accession: 24.03.1995
Reservation / Declaration: 24.03.1995

CCW Protocol (I) on Non-Detectable Fragments, 1980

Ratification / Accession: 24.03.1995
Reservation / Declaration: 24.03.1995

CCW Protocol (II) prohibiting Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices, 1980

Ratification / Accession: 24.03.1995
Reservation / Declaration: 24.03.1995

CCW Protocol (III) prohibiting Incendiary Weapons, 1980

Ratification / Accession: 21.01.2009
Reservation / Declaration: 21.01.2009

Convention prohibiting Chemical Weapons, 1993

Ratification / Accession: 25.04.1997
Reservation / Declaration: 25.04.1997

CCW Protocol (IV) on Blinding Laser Weapons, 1995

Ratification / Accession: 21.01.2009
Reservation / Declaration: 21.01.2009

CCW Protocol (II) prohibiting Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices, amended, 1996

Ratification / Accession: 24.05.1999
Reservation / Declaration: 24.05.1999

Convention prohibiting Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW ), amended Article 1, 2001

Ratification / Accession: 21.01.2009

CCW Protocol (V) on Explosive Remnants of War, 2003

Ratification / Accession: 21.01.2009
Reservation / Declaration: 21.01.2009


NAVAL AND AIRWARFARE

Hague Convention (VIII) on Submarine Mines, 1907

Ratification / Accession: 27.11.1909

Hague Convention (IX) on Bombardment by Naval Forces, 1907

Ratification / Accession: 27.11.1909

Hague Convention (XI) on Restrictions of the Right of Capture, 1907

Ratification / Accession: 27.11.1909

Hague Convention (XIII) on Neutral Powers in Naval War, 1907

Ratification / Accession: 03.12.1909
Reservation / Declaration: 03.12.1909

Havana Convention on Maritime Neutrality, 1928

Ratification / Accession: 22.03.1932
Reservation / Declaration: 22.03.1932

London Treaty on Limitation and Reduction of Naval Armaments, 1930

Ratification / Accession: 27.10.1930

Procès-verbal on Submarine Warfare of the Treaty of London, 1936

Signature: 06.11.1936


CULTURAL PROPERTY

Roerich Pact for the Protection of Artistic and Scientific Institutions, 1935

Ratification / Accession: 13.07.1935

Final Act on the Protection of Cultural Property, The Hague, 1954

Signature: 14.05.1954

Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property, 1954

Ratification / Accession: 13.03.2009


CRIMINAL REPRESSION

Charter of the Nuremberg Tribunal, 1945

Signature: 08.08.1945

Statute of the International Criminal Court, 1998

Signature: 31.12.2000


OTHER TREATIES RELATING TO IHL

Hague Convention (III) on the Opening of Hostilites, 1907

Ratification / Accession: 27.11.1909

Hague Convention (V) on Neutral Powers in case of War on Land, 1907

Ratification / Accession: 27.11.1909

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide, 1948

Ratification / Accession: 25.11.1988
Reservation / Declaration: 25.11.1988

Convention prohibiting environmental modification techniques (ENMOD), 1976

Ratification / Accession: 17.01.1980

Arms Trade Treaty, 2013

Signature: 25.09.2013

 

 

 

In 1980, member states of the UnitedNations negotiated the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions of Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects

 

Again the enforcement of this provision would justify the closing down of this exhibition

 

CANSEC will be yet again profiling an arsenal

that will be excessively injurious or have indiscriminate effects; and  through the actions of these military dealers, governments  are controvening the above convention

 

Also rather than preventing the production and use of cluster bombs,  countries that have aggressively intervened in other countries  have used them

 BUT

After numerous studies related to the impact of cluster bombs, in  2008 a legally binding international instrument that prohibits the use and stockpiling of cluster munitions that cause unacceptable harm to civilians and requires  clearance of contaminated areas». Was adopted.

 

How many of latest armaments in this exhibition will be prohibited in the future; once their dire consequences materialize

 

Governments must invoke the precautionary principle

 

and embark upon prohibiting the production of all these armaments 

 

They do not have to wait there is scientific certainty that dire consequences of the weapon systems materialize   to prohibit the production, exhibition AND USE of these ARMAMENTS

 

Sadly

Governments are supporting and citizens condoning increased flagrant display of militarism  not only at this exhibition but also through national and international war games with armaments and with nuclear powered and nuclear arms capable vessels visiting Halifax and Victoria. from increased Northwest Training Range Complex and Exercises, such as Exercise trident fury on the West Coast –  to war games including with NATO WAR GAMES,

 

 These expressions of militarism could and must be declared to be “propaganda for war”

 

Under the International human rights instrument – the International Covenant, of Civil and Political Rights negotiated in 1966,  has been signed and ratified by most countries including Canada and the US.

 

All governments incurred an obligation reflected in this statement  “Any propaganda for war shall be prohibited by law (Art. 20, International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights, 1966)

 

 

Governments must discharge their obligation under the covenant to prohibit the propaganda for war, thus to prohibit all war games, all nuclear ship visits and all production and exhibition of armaments.

 
Last Updated on Wednesday, 25 May 2016 21:03
 

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