Who's Online

We have 1096 guests online

Popular

2365 readings
SDGs:Transforming our world by acting on conference and summit commitments not by just reaffirming them PDF Print E-mail
Justice News
Posted by Joan Russow
Thursday, 03 September 2015 09:39

By Joan Russow Global Compliance  Research Project

 

 

 

 

 

 

Under the recent release of “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” is a section on

Our shared principles and commitments

11. We reaffirm the outcomes of all major UN conferences and summits which have laid a solid foundation for sustainable development and have helped to shape the new Agenda.

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/transformingourworld

 

BUT WHAT DOES REAFFIRMING THE OUTCOMES AND COMMITMENTS MEAN?

 For example, after I reviewed a number of outcomes and commitments from previous conferences and summits, I found that there were numerous references to the need to address aspects of militarism and disarmament. While under Goal 16, the importance of peace is affirmed but the negative role of militarism, which has been present in previous documents, is ignored.

 

REFERENCES TO MILITARISM IN PREVIOUS DECLARATIONS AND CONFERENCES

In the 1976 Habitat I Outcome document, the member states affirmed that

The waste and misuse of resources in war and armaments should be prevented. All countries should make a firm commitment to promote general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control, in particular in the field of nuclear disarmament. Part of the resources thus released should be utilized so as to achieve a better quality of life for humanity and particularly the peoples of developing countries, Arfticle12a Habitat 1)

 

In the 1984 Declaration on the Right of all People to Peace the member states affirmed the following:

The General Assembly, Reaffirming that the principal aim of the United Nations is the maintenance of international peace and security, Bearing in mind the fundamental principles of international law set forth in the Charter of the United Nations, Expressing the will and the aspirations of all peoples to eradicate war from the life of mankind and, above all, to avert a world-wide nuclear catastrophe,

Convinced that life without war serves as the primary international prerequisite for the material well-being, development and progress of countries, and for the full implementation of the rights and fundamental human freedoms proclaimed by the United Nations, Aware that in the nuclear age the establishment of a lasting peace on Earth represents the primary condition for the preservation of human civilization and the survival of mankind, Recognizing that the maintenance of a peaceful life for peoples is the sacred duty of each State,

1.   Solemnly proclaims that the peoples of our planet have a sacred right to peace;

2.   Solemnly declares that the preservation of the right of peoples to peace and the promotion of its implementation constitute a fundamental obligation of each State;

3.   Emphasizes that ensuring the exercise of the right of peoples to peace demands that the policies of States be directed towards the elimination of the threat of war, particularly nuclear war, the renunciation of the use of force in international relations and the settlement of international disputes by peaceful means on the basis of the Charter of the United Nations

4.   Appeals to all States and international organizations to do their utmost to assist in implementing the right of peoples to peace through the adoption of appropriate measures at both the national and the international level.

In the preamble of the 1986 Declaration on the Right to Development, is the reaffirmation of close relationship between disarmament and development:

 

Reaffirming that there is a close relationship between disarmament and Development and that progress in the field of disarmament would considerably promote progress in the field of development and that resources released through disarmament measures should be devoted to the economic and social development and well-being of all peoples and, in particular, those of the developing countries,   

 

Article 7 of the 1986 Declaration on the Right to Development) to do their utmost to achieve general and complete disarmament under effective international control

 

All States should promote the establishment, maintenance and

strengthening of international peace and security and, to that end, should do their utmost to achieve general and complete disarmament under effective international control, as well as to ensure that the resources released by effective disarmament measures are used for comprehensive development, in particular that of the developing countries.(Article 7   Declaration on the Right to Development)

 

33; Reallocation of resources at present committed to military purposes

 Under Article 33.16 of 1992 Agenda 21 from UNCED is the following:

Innovative financing. New ways of generating public and private financial resources should be explored: the reallocation of resources at present committed to military purposes. (Article16e Chapter 33, Agenda 21, UNCED)

In 1994, in adopting the statement from the International Conference on Population and Development, the member states of the United Nations concurred that

 the attainment of quantitative and qualitative goals of the present Programme of Action clearly require additional resources, some of which could become available from a reordering of priorities at the individual, national and international levels. However, none of the actions required nor all of them combined is expensive in the context of either current global development or military expenditures."

 

there was affirmation that the goals and objectives of social development require continuous efforts to reduce and eliminate major sources of social distress

The goals and objectives of social development require continuous efforts to reduce and eliminate major sources of social distress, and instability for the family and for society. We pledge to place particular focus on and give priority attention to the fight against the world-wide conditions that pose severe threats to the health, safety, peace, security and well-being of our people. Among these conditions are chronic hunger; malnutrition; illicit drug problems; organized crime; corruption; foreign occupation; armed conflicts; illicit arms trafficking, terrorism, intolerance and incitement to racial, ethnic, religious and other hatreds; xenophobia; and endemic, communicable and chronic diseases. To this end, coordination and cooperation at the national level and especially at the regional and international levels should be further strengthened. . (Article 20 United Nations World Summit for Social Development)

21In this context, the negative impact on development of excessive military expenditures must be addressed

In this context, the negative impact on development of excessive military expenditures, the arms trade, and investment for arms production and acquisition must be addressed.(Article 21 1995 United Nations World Summit for Social Development

 

Under Article 70 of the 1995 United Nations World Summit for Social Development was affirmed:  the negative effect of excessive military expenditures, trade in arms

There is therefore an urgent need for: Transparent and accountable public institutions that are accessible to people on an equal basis and are responsive to their needs….

While acknowledging legitimate national defence needs, recognizing and addressing the dangers to society of armed conflict, and the negative effect of excessive military expenditures, trade in arms, especially of those arms that are particularly injurious or have indiscriminate effects, and excessive investment for arms production and acquisition. Similarly, the need to combat illicit arms trafficking, violence, crime, the production, use and trafficking of illicit drugs, and trafficking in women and children should be recognized and addressed; The elimination of all forms of violence and the full implementation of the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women. (Article 70 United Nations World Summit for Social Development

C. Mobilization of financial resources

87. The implementation of the Copenhagen Declaration and the Programme of Action of the Summit at the national level may require substantial new and additional resources,

(b) Reducing, as appropriate, excessive military expenditures and investments for arms production and acquisition, consistent with national security requirements, in order to increase resources for social and economic development; (c) Giving high priority to social development in the allocation of public spending and ensuring predictable funding for the relevant programmes; (d) Ensuring that the resources for social development are available at the level of administration that is responsible for formulating and implementing the relevant programmes; (e) Increasing the effective and transparent utilization of public resources, reducing waste and combating corruption, and concentrating on the areas of greatest social need; (Article 87 United Nations World Summit for Social Development )Article 13 of the 1995 Platform of Action, the member states affirmed the following: Excessive military expenditures… have reduced the resources available for social development.

 

Excessive military expenditures, including global military expenditures and arms trade or trafficking, and investments for arms production and acquisition have reduced the resources available for social development. As a result of the debt burden and other economic difficulties, many developing countries have undertaken structural adjustment policies. Moreover, there are structural adjustment programmes that have been poorly designed and implemented, with resulting detrimental effects on social development. The number of people living in poverty has increased disproportionately in most developing countries, particularly the heavily indebted countries, during the past decade. (Article 13, Beijing Platform of Action)

143a.Hasten the conversion of military resources and related industries to development and peaceful purposes

143b generate new funds through reduction of global military expenditures

143cTake action to investigate and punish violence against women in armed conflict

Actions to be taken 143. By Governments: (a) Increase and hasten, as appropriate, subject to national security considerations, the conversion of military resources and related industries to development and peaceful purposes; (b) Undertake to explore new ways of generating new public and private financial resources, inter alia, through the appropriate reduction of excessive military expenditures, including global military expenditures, trade in arms and investment for arms production and acquisition, taking into consideration national security requirements, so as to permit the possible allocation of additional funds for social and economic development, in particular for the advancement of women; (c) Take action to investigate and punish members of the police, security and armed forces and others who perpetrate acts of violence against women, violations of international humanitarian law and violations of the human rights of women in situations of armed conflict; (d) While acknowledging legitimate national defence needs, recognize and address the dangers to society of armed conflict and the negative effect of excessive military expenditures, trade in arms, especially those arms that are particularly injurious or have indiscriminate effects, and excessive investment for arms production and acquisition; similarly, recognize the need to combat illicit arms trafficking, violence, crime, the production and use of and trafficking in illicit drugs, and trafficking in women and children; (Article 143, Beijing Platform of Action)

 

16. There has also been heavy military spending in some regions. Despite increases in official development assistance (ODA) by some countries, ODA has recently declined overall.

Widespread economic recession, as well as political instability in some regions, has been responsible for setting back development goals in many countries. This has led to the expansion of unspeakable poverty. Of the more than 1 billion people living in abject poverty, women are an overwhelming majority. The rapid process of change and adjustment in all sectors has also led to increased unemployment and underemployment, with particular impact on women. In many cases, structural adjustment programmes have not been designed to minimize their negative effects on vulnerable and disadvantaged groups or on women, nor have they been designed to assure positive effects on those groups by preventing their marginalization in economic and social activities. The Final Act of the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations 10/ underscored the increasing interdependence of national economies, as well as the importance of trade liberalization and access to open, dynamic markets. There has also been heavy military spending in some regions. Despite increases in official development assistance (ODA) by some countries, ODA has recently declined overall. ; (Article 16, Beijing Platform of Action)

 

In 1996Habitat II Agenda

204. The full and effective implementation of the Habitat Agenda, in particular in all developing countries, especially those in Africa and the least developed countries, will require the mobilization of additional financial resources from various sources at the national and international levels and more effective development cooperation in order to promote assistance for shelter and human settlements activities. This will require, inter alia:

(l) Recognizing the negative effect of excessive military expenditures and trade in arms, especially of arms that are particularly injurious or have indiscriminate effects, and excessive investment for arms production and acquisition, while acknowledging legitimate national defence needs

49. Habitat, Chairperson's summary of the hearings is set out below: Global action for shelter and employment

The labour union representatives argued that the decrease in development assistance to developing countries has had a negative impact on social development. Governments must find alternative resources to fund social programmes. More resources could be found through the reduction of military expenditures, which are quite high in many developing countries. Those resources could be used to provide basic and social infrastructure, including the creation of Global action for shelter and employment Habitat,

Chairperson's summary of the hearings continued

The global community currently allocates some US$ 800 billion a year to military budgets. With the demise of the cold war, is it not time that we considered shifting a percentage of those funds from the "old" national security need for huge military budgets to the "new" human security need to provide housing, safe water and sanitation for human settlements, both urban and rural? The threats to our national security in the next century are not just from guns - but from formidable challenges to health care and the environment in both the developed and the developing worlds. If every nation on earth agreed to reduce its military budget by just 5 per cent over the next 10 years, the world community could begin to address the currently intractable human settlements problems of a world urbanizing faster than it can now afford.

 

 

 

B.ANOTHER EXAMPLE; SDG GOAL 1; END  POVERTY  IN ALL ITS FORMS EVERYWHERE.

 

Another example is with SDG Goal 1; End  Povert y in all its forms everywhere.

SDG 1 ERADICATING POVERTY SIXTY SEVEN YEARS OF PROMISES, PROMISES PROMISES

In reviewing commitments and obligations from 1948 Universal Declaration of human Rights  from 1966 Covenant of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,the 1974 Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition social rights, the 1976 Habitat 1 Agenda, the 1984 Declaration on the Right to Development, 1984 Declaration on the RIght of Peoples to Peace, 1986 Declaration on the Right to Development, 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child report from United Nations World Summit for Social Development, 1992Chapter 3 on Poverty  Chapter 4  Consumption and other Chapters from Agenda 21 UNCED, 1993 Reports from  World human rights and the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, , 1995, platform of Actions from the conference on Women; Equality development and peace, The 1996 Habitat Agenda,  and finally the 2002 Report  world Summit on Sustainable Development

I concluded, that GOAL END POVERTY IN ALL ITS FORMS EVERYWHERE SIXTY SEVEN YEARS OF UNFULFILLED COMMITMENTS

In reviewing commitments and obligations from 1948 Universal Declaration of human Rights  from 1966 Covenant of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,the 1974 Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition social rights, the 1976 Habitat 1 Agenda, the 1984 Declaration on the Right to Development, 1984 Declaration on the Right  of All Peoples to Peace, 1986 Declaration on the Right to Development, 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child report from United Nations World Summit for Social Development, 1992Chapter 3 on Poverty  Chapter 4  Consumption and other Chapters from Agenda 21 UNCED, 1993 Reports from  World human rights and the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, , 1995, platform of Actions from the conference on Women; Equality development and peace, The 1996 Habitat Agenda,  and finally the 2002 Report  world Summit on Sustainable Development

I concluded, that GOAL I. End Poverty in all its Forms Everywhere must start by immediately undertaking to discharge all the obligations and related to poverty in Covenants and act on commitments from Declarations, Agendas, Resolutions, reports;

I have documented  67 pages from 1948 to 2002 of  key commitments related to poverty.

 If anyone would like to read them, please contact me at   This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

FURTHER COMMENTS ON OBLIGATIONS AND COMMITMENTS RELATED TO  THE SDGS

 

SDG Goal 1; EndPoverty in all its Form Everywhere ; Sixty Seven Years  of Procrastination

http://pejnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10365:sdg-goal-1-end-poverty-in-all-its-forms-everywhere-sixty-seven-years-of-unfulfilled-commitments&catid=74:ijustice-news&Itemid=216

 

SDG Goal 2 End Hunger Achieve Food Security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture

http://pejnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10344:sdg-goal-2-end-hunger-achieve-food-security-and-improved-nutrition-and-promote-sustainable-agriculture&catid=86:i-earth-news&Itemid=210

SDG Goal 3: A Review of Social and SOCIAL AND Environmental Determinants of Health

http://pejnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10372:-sdg-goal-3-a-review-of-social-and-environmental-determinants-of-health&catid=86:i-earth-news&Itemid=210

 

SDG Goal 4: Ensure Inclusive Equitable Quality Education and Promote Life-Long Learning Opportunities For all. And Educating for SDGS

http://pejnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10380:goal-4-ensure-inclusive-and-equitable-quality-education-and-promote-life-long-learning-opportunities-for-all&catid=74:ijustice-news&Itemid=216

SDG Goal 5:Time to implement the Beijing Platform of Action

http://pejnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10346:-sdg-goal-5-to-implement-the-the-beijing-platform-of-action&catid=74:ijustice-news&Itemid=216

 

SDG Goal 6: Must include the human right to safe water and sanitation

http://pejnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10374:sdg-goal-6must-include-the-human-right-to-safe-water-and-sanitation&catid=86:i-earth-news&Itemid=210

 

SDG Goal 7; Access to Affordable Socially Equitable Environmentally Sound Energy

http://pejnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10383:sdg-goal-7-access-to-reliable-affordable-socially-equitable-environmentally-sound-energy&catid=74:ijustice-news&Itemid=216SDG

 

Goal 8:Socially equitable and environmental sound employment and fair and just transition principle

http://pejnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10381:sdg-8-socially-equitable-and-environmental-sound-employment-and-fair-and-just-transition-principle&catid=74:ijustice-news&Itemid=216

 

SDG GOAL 9  Infrastructure  transportation - moving away from car dependency

http://pejnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10379:sdg-goal-9-infrastructure-transportation-moving-away-from-car-dependency&catid=86:i-earth-news&Itemid=210

 

SDG GOAL 10

SDG GOAL 11

SDG GOAL 12

 

SDG Goal 13 Climate Change; urgent means urgent

http://pejnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10336:sdgs-goal-13-climate-change-urgent-means-urgent&catid=91:vl-earth-news&Itemid=214

 

SDG Goal 14: Oceans- Time to Heed Warnings, discharge obligations and act on commitments

http://pejnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10369:-sdg-goal-14-oceans-time-to-heed-warnings-discharge-obligations-and-act-on-commitments&catid=74:ijustice-news&Itemid=216

 

SDG Goal 15: The imperative to end the logging in old growth forests

http://pejnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10359:sdg15-the-imperative-to-end-logging-in-the-old-growth-forests&catid=86:i-earth-news&Itemid=210

 

SDG Goal 16 : militarism must be addressed

http://pejnews.com/index.php?searchword=SDG+GOAL16&ordering=newest&searchphrase=exact&limit=100&option=com_search

 

SDG Goals for Transforming Our World are Impeded by Unsustainable Institutes and Practices

http://pejnews.com/index.php?searchword=SDG+GOAL16&ordering=newest&searchphrase=exact&limit=100&option=com_search

 

SDGs: Transforming our world by acting on conference and summit commitments not by just reaffirming them

 

The Overarching Theme  and Themes of the SDGs must be based on international  law, legal  precedents and peremptory norms Friday, 10 July 2015

 

http://pejnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10285:-the-overarching-theme-and-themes-of-the-sdgs-must-be-based-on-international-law-legal-precedents-and-peremptory-norms&catid=74:ijustice-news&Itemid=216

 

http://pejnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10284:-the-overarching-theme-and-themes-of-the-sdgs-must-be-based-on-international-law-legal-precedents-and-peremptory-norms&catid=74:ijustice-news&Itemid=216

 

 

Last Updated on Monday, 05 October 2015 01:42
 

Latest News