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Nepal disaster; the need for prevention and adherence to the precautionary principle – a message that must be heeded by the global community. PDF Print E-mail
Earth News
Posted by Joan Russow
Monday, 27 April 2015 11:22
 
By Joan Russow, Global Compliance Research Project
 
 
When earthquakes happen, there is always a question of how they could have been prevented.  Nepali journalist Kunda Dixit, emphasized there has been post-disaster relief instead of preventive measures.  In Nepal,  many of the measures did not happen because lack of funds.  http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2015/04/nepals-predictable-tragedy/391496/ 
 
 
In other parts of the world, however, preventive measures are not taken because of  vested economic interests. 
 
Even when there is almost scientific certainty that fracking has been linked to earthquakes, precaution is ignored.
 
 
There sufficient evidence from a long list of studies and articles indicating a causal connection between fracking and earthquakes  to justify the invoking of the precautionary principle- a principle of international customary law, which reads as follows:
 
Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty should not be used as a reason for postponing measures to prevent the threat (Rio Declaration, UNCED1992).
 
 Where there is a threat of significant reduction or loss of biological diversity, lack of full scientific certainty should not be used as a reason for postponing measures to avoid or minimize such a threat 
(Convention on Biological Diversity, 1992)
 
The Parties should take precautionary measures to anticipate, prevent or minimize the causes of climate change and  its adverse effects, and  where there  are threats of irreversible damage, the lack of scientific certainty should not be used as a reason for postponing such measures.( UN Framework Convention on  Climate Change, 1992 
 
Around the world, the mainstream  and alternative media has been making the connection between fracking and Earthquakes
 
U.S. Maps Pinpoint Earthquakes Linked to Quest for Oil and Gas 
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/24/us/us-maps-areas-of-increased-earthquakes-from-human-activity.html?_r=0
 
Researchers Find Fracking Might Cause Earthquakes After All
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/researchers-find-fracking-might-cause-earthquakes-after-all-113057793/?no-ist
 
 
Big oil is pressuring scientists not to link fracking to earthquakes in Oklahoma
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/apr/03/big-oil-is-pressuring-scientists-not-to-link-fracking-to-earthquakes-in-oklahoma
Seismologist: Fracking Injection Wells Linked to Earthquakes
http://therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=31&Itemid=74&jumival=11413
 
Federal Scientists Map The Rise Of Man-Made Earthquakes Caused By Fracking Injection Wells
http://www.ibtimes.com/federal-scientists-map-rise-man-made-earthquakes-caused-fracking-injection-wells-1894165
 
 
Scientists certain that drilling is causing earthquakes
http://www.cnbc.com/id/102621141
 
Seismic shift: Oklahoma’s earthquakes triggered by wastewater disposal wells
http://news.yahoo.com/seismic-shift--oklahoma-s-earthquakes-triggered-by-wastewater-disposal-wells-191559607.html
 
 
Drilling might be culprit behind Texas earthquakes
http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/story?id=7848915
 
Editorial: We can’t ignore studies linking fracking to Azle earthquakes
http://www.dallasnews.com/opinion/editorials/20150426-fracking-and-earthquakes.ece
 
 
For The First Time, Scientists Prove Fracking Caused An Earthquake Strong Enough To Be Felt By Humans
http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2015/01/06/3608591/77-earthquakes-linked-to-fracking/
 
The Link Between Fracking Activity And Earthquakes Is Getting Stronger
http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2015/04/22/3649781/fracking-activity-earthquakes-texas-oklahoma/
 
'Earthquake swarm' near Texas fracking sites alarms residents
http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/earthquake-swarm-near-texas-fracking-sites-alarms-residents-1.2927220
 
Fracking wells possible culprit of Texas earthquakes
http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2014/06/01/earthquakes-texas-fracking-wells/9765659/
 
Fracking Seems to Be Causing Hundreds of Earthquakes Across the Country Each Year
https://news.vice.com/article/fracking-seems-to-be-causing-hundreds-of-earthquakes-across-the-country-each-year
 
US government says drilling causes earthquakes – what took them so long?
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/apr/24/earthquakes-fracking-drilling-us-geological-survey
 
How fracking caused earthquakes in the UK
http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn21120-how-fracking-caused-earthquakes-in-the-uk.html#.VT5-7CFViko
 
Fracking tests near Blackpool 'likely cause' of tremors
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-lancashire-15550458
 
UK Fracking Firm Admits They Are Causing Earthquakes
http://www.businessinsider.com/fracking-earthquakes-uk-2011-11#ixzz3YXGtVmvC
 
Fracking may leave fault lines vulnerable to earthquakes
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/energy/10174188/Fracking-may-leave-fault-lines-vulnerable-to-earthquakes.html
 
UK firm says shale fracking caused earthquakes
http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/11/02/us-gas-fracking-idustre7a160020111102
 
Fracking found to cause quakes
http://www.odt.co.nz/news/national/205807/fracking-found-cause-quakes
 
More Fracking Headaches As Earthquake Evidence Grows
http://cleantechnica.com/2013/09/05/more-fracking-headaches-as-earthquake-evidence-grows/
 
Fracking likely linked to 4.4 magnitude quake in Fox Creek
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/edmonton/fracking-likely-linked-to-4-4-magnitude-quake-in-fox-creek-1.2938900
 
Fracking Industry Shakes Up Northern BC with 231 Tremors
http://thetyee.ca/News/2015/01/10/Fracking_Industry_Shakes_Up_Northern_BC/
 
Fracking-induced earthquake puts B.C. gas bonanza on shaky ground
http://www.vancouverobserver.com/news/fracking-induced-earthquake-puts-bc-gas-bonanza-shaky-ground
 
Fracking causes minor earthquakes, B.C. regulator says
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/fracking-causes-minor-earthquakes-b-c-regulator-says-1.1209063
 
Fracking caused many low-level earthquakes in B.C., probe finds
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/top-business-stories/fracking-caused-many-low-level-earthquakes-in-bc-probe-finds/article4523182/
 
Latin American Environmentalists Call For End To Fracking
http://latindispatch.com/2014/12/12/latin-american-environmentalists-call-for-end-to-fracking/
etc.
 
INVOKING THE PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE
 
 In  Conclusion, given the increasingly strong connection between fracking and earthquakes, the global community will be negligent if they do not ban invoke the precautionary principle and ban fracking. 
 
 
 

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